HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems

STUDENT ASSESSMENT BOOKLET
CHC33015 Certificate III in Individual Support
Health Bodies
For class room-based students
HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems

ASSESSMENT TASK 1: WRITTEN QUESTIONS

TASK SUMMARY:

  • This is an open book test – you can use the Internet, textbooks and other documents to help you with your answers if required.
  • You must answer all 19 questions correctly.
  • Write your answers in the space provided.
  • If you need more space, you can use extra paper. All extra pieces of paper must include your name and the question number/s you are answering.
  • You may like to use a computer to type your answers. Your assessor will tell you if you can email them the file or if you need to print a hard copy and submit it.

WHAT DO I NEED IN ORDER TO COMPLETE THIS ASSESSMENT?

  • Access to textbooks and other learning materials.
  • Access to a computer and the Internet (if you prefer to type your answers).

WHEN DO I DO THIS TASK?

  • You will do this task in the classroom or as homework – your assessor will advise.
  • Write in the due date as advised by your assessor: ___________________________________

WHAT DO I NEED TO DO IF I GET SOMETHING WRONG?

If your assessor marks any of your answers as incorrect, they will talk to you about resubmission. You will need to do one of the following:

  • Answer the questions that were incorrect in writing.
  • Answer the questions that were incorrect verbally.

QUESTION 1

  1. Draw an arrow to link up the parts of the cardiovascular system to their location on the diagram. Aorta
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    Left atrium

    Left ventricle

    Right ventricle

    Right atrium

    Pulmonary veins

    Pulmonary arteries

    Inferior vena cava

    Superior vena cava

  3. Refer to the diagram above and explain how blood flows through the heart.
  4. In one to two paragraphs, explain the functions of the cardiovascular system.

QUESTION 2

  1. Draw an arrow to link up the parts of the respiratory system to their location on the diagram.
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    Nasal cavity

    Pharynx

    Larynx

    Trachea

    Right lung

    Right main bronchus

    Bronchiole

    Pleura

  3. In one to two paragraphs, explain the functions of the respiratory system.

QUESTION 3

  1. Name the three main parts of the muscular system.
  2. Name the two main parts of the skeletal system.
  3. In one to two paragraphs, explain the functions of the musculoskeletal system.

QUESTION 4

  1. Where are the following glands from the endocrine system located?
    • Hypothalamus
    • Pituitary gland
    • Thyroid gland
    • Parathyroid glands
    • Adrenal glands
    • Pineal body
    • Reproductive glands
    • Pancreas
  2. In one to two paragraphs, explain the function of the endocrine system

QUESTION 5

  1. Name the two parts of the nervous system and explain what is included in each.
  2. In one to two paragraphs, explain the function of the nervous system.

QUESTION 6

  1. Draw an arrow to link up the parts of the digestive system to their location on the diagram. Oesopagus
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    • Liver
    • Stomach
    • Gall bladder
    • Duodenum
    • Jejunum
    • Ileum
    • Colon
    • Rectum
    • Anus
  3. In one to two paragraphs, explain the function of the digestive system.

QUESTION 7

  1. Name the four main parts of the urinary system:
  2. In one to two paragraphs, explain the function of the urinary system, including its role in regulating fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.

QUESTION 8

  1. What are the five main parts of the female reproductive system?
  2. What are the three main parts of the male reproductive system?
  3. In one to two paragraphs, explain the function of the reproductive system.

QUESTION 9

  1. Draw an arrow to link up the parts of the integumentary system to their location on the diagram
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    • Hair
    • Epidermis
    • Sebaceous gland
    • Sweat gland duct
    • Dermis
    • Subcutaneous layer
    • Nerve
    • Touch receptor
  3. In one to two paragraphs, explain the function of the integumentary system.

QUESTION 10

  1. Name six lymphatic organs
  2. In one to two paragraphs, explain the function of the lymphatic system.

QUESTION 11

Describe in one paragraph each how each of the following functions occurs in the human body.

  1. Smell
  2. Taste
  3. Vision
  4. Equilibrium
  5. Hearing

QUESTION 12

  1. What is a cell?
  2. What is human body tissue? Provide an example of a type of tissue.
  3. What is a body organ? Provide an example.

QUESTION 13

Explain in one paragraph how food and nutrition affects health

  1. In the following table, explain the purpose of each food type and what foods or other locations it may be obtained from.

Food type

Purpose

Where it may be obtained

Protein

Carbohydrate

Fat

Vitamin A

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

Vitamin B12

Vitamin C

Vitamin D

Vitamin K

Sodium

Potassium

Calcium

QUESTION 14

What are 10 recommendations you would make to an older person to maintain their body as healthily as possible (assume they have no medical conditions).

Question 15

  1. In the following table, provide a definition for each health terminology term.
  2. Terminology

    Definition

    Analgesic

    Anorexia

    Arthritis

    Breakthrough

    painCatheter

    Diuretic

    Dyspraxia

    Hallucination

    Infarction

    Prosthesis

    Scabies

    Thrombosis

  3. What is the difference between ‘contagious’ and ‘infectious’?

Question 16

In one paragraph each, describe how the following body systems work together

  1. Cardiovascular and respiratory system.
  2. Integumentary and nervous system.

QUESTION 17

  1. What is the function of the immune system?
  2. The immune system is broken up into two parts – the innate system and the adaptive immune system. In the following table provide a description of each of these systems:
  3. INNATE IMMUNE SYSTEM

    ADAPTIVE IMMUNE SYSTEM

  4. List four external methods of protecting the body from infection.

Question 18

  1. How does the body maintain its body temperature when the outside atmosphere is hot?
  2. How does the body maintain its body temperature when the outside atmosphere is cold?

Question 19

Ray has high blood pressure. His doctor is mindful that high blood pressure may lead to stoke or heart attack.

List six pieces of advice that the doctor should give Ray to help him manage his blood pressure.

ASSESSMENT TASK 2: CASE STUDIES

TASK SUMMARY:

You are to read the case study and complete the questions that follow.

WHAT DO I NEED IN ORDER TO COMPLETE THIS ASSESSMENT?

  • Access to textbooks and other learning materials
  • Access to a computer and the Internet (if you prefer to type your responses).

WHEN DO I DO THIS TASK?

  • You will do this task in the classroom or as homework – your assessor will advise. ▪ Write in the due date as advised by your assessor:

WHAT DO I NEED TO DO IF I GET SOMETHING WRONG?

If your assessor marks any of your answers as incorrect, they will talk to you about resubmission. You will need to do one of the following:

  • Answer the questions that were incorrect in writing.
  • Answer the questions that were incorrect verbally.

CASE STUDY: JEMIMA

Jemima comes to see you to ask advice. Her mother has recently died of complications to type 2 diabetes. Jemima is now worried about her risk of becoming diabetic.

You ask for the history of the mother’s illness and find out the following:

  • Her mother developed diabetes in her early-50s.
  • She never managed to control her blood sugar levels.
  • She was obese and lived a sedentary life.
  • She developed heart disease in her 60s and died at 65.

You then find out some information about Jemima:

  • She is 35
  • Her blood pressure is 125/84
  • Her height is 1.63 m
  • Her Weight is 67kg
  • She used to smoke but quit three years ago.
  • She tries to eat a healthy diet but often needs to eat takeaway (up to five times a week) as she is very busy.

She has no time to exercise.

  1. What is the connection between diabetes and heart disease?
  2. What are Jemima’s risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes?
  3. Looking at Jemima’s blood pressure, what would you recommend to her?
  4. Looking at Jemima’s height and weight, what would you recommend to her? (Hint use the BMI calculator at http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcsite.nsf/pages/bmi)
  5. What tips could you give to Jemima to increase her eating of healthy foods on busy days? (Suggest three things)
  6. What tips could you give to Jemima to increase her exercise?

ASSESSMENT TASK 3: ROLE PLAYS

TASK SUMMARY:

You are to prepare an information brochure on maintaining a healthy body for either:

  • older persons OR people with a disability.

WHAT DO I NEED IN ORDER TO COMPLETE THIS ASSESSMENT?

  • Access to textbooks and other learning materials
  • Access to a computer and the Internet
  • Access to a printer (if using a computer to create your brochure) ▪ Paper, pens etc (if drawing/writing your brochure)

WHEN DO I DO THIS ASSESSMENT?

  • You will do this task in the classroom or as homework – your assessor will advise.
  • Write in the due date as advised by your assessor:

WHAT DO I NEED TO DO IF I GET SOMETHING WRONG?

If your assessor sees that you have not completed any of the required sections of the brochure, or have provided incorrect information, they will give you some feedback and you will need to fix the errors and resubmit.

INSTRUCTIONS:

For this task you must prepare an information brochure for clients about maintaining a healthy body.

You need to choose one target audience:

  • Older persons OR People with a disability.

Your brochure must be two A4 pages long. You can add pictures and diagrams if you like. You can create your brochure by:

  • using a computer and printing out a copy ▪ writing/drawing on paper.

Your brochure must include the following sections:

  • Diet:
  • Common dietary problems in older people or people with disabilities
  • Common health problems caused by poor diet & how these health problems affect the functioning of body systems
  • Support that can be provided to encourage a healthy diet.
  • Exercise:
    • Common barriers to exercise in older people or people with a disability
    • Common health problems caused by lack of exercise and how these affect the functioning of body systems
    • Support that can be provided to encourage healthy exercise – including use of both active and passive exercise.
  • Emotional wellbeing:
    • Common causes of wellbeing issues in older people or people with a disability – Effect of emotional and psychological problems on the functioning of body systems – Support that can be provided to improve emotional wellbeing.

ASSESSMENT TASK 4: WORKPLACE PROJECT

TASK SUMMARY:

There are three parts to this project:

  • Part A: Obtain information about physical health status of a client. Part B: Participate in a physical health check. Part C: Identify variations from normal health.

WHAT DO I NEED IN ORDER TO COMPLETE THIS ASSESSMENT?

  • Approval from your work placement supervisor to work with a client (under supervision)
  • Access to your work placement’s policies and procedures. Access to your client’s medical information
  • Access to approved equipment and resources for checking health Access to a work colleague who can supervise you during the task and undertake physical health checks if you are not allowed/approved to do so. When do I do this task?
  • You will do this task in your work placement service. Write in the due date as advised by your assessor:

WHAT DO I NEED TO DO IF I GET SOMETHING WRONG?

If your assessor identifies that you did not complete all parts of your journal or did not get your supervisor’s sign off, you will be asked to fix the errors and resubmit. Instructions: You will need to complete this task in your work placement service. You will need to choose one client to work with. You must obtain permission from your work placement supervisor to have this client participate in the task – see the permission form provided at the end of this task.

You will then need to work with your client by going through Parts A–C in this task.

Complete the journal included in this document for each part. Please ensure that you do not identify the client in your journal – you must refer to ‘the client’ rather than use the client’s name.

You must get each entry of your journal signed by your supervisor before you submit it for assessment.

PART A: OBTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT THE PHYSICAL HEALTH STATUS OF A CLIENT

For this part of the task you are required to:

  1. Refer to your client’s medical information/care plan to familiarise yourself with their health background.
  2. Ask your client how they are feeling today – do they have any issues?
  3. Discuss findings with the person supervising this task and identify any actual or potential health problems.
  4. Identify which body systems are involved and how these problems may affect the body’s overall functioning.
  5. Record your findings in Part A of your journal (see the end of this task).

PART B: PHYSICAL HEALTH CHECK

You will either need to perform this task yourself or you may observe the task being performed by a qualified member of staff (you will need to check with your work placement supervisor if you can perform any of the health checks). The physical health must be performed on the client you spoke to in Part A. Health checks must include:

  • Temperature ▪ Pulse
  • Respiration
  • Blood pressure
  • Bowels opened
  • Client-specific observations if applicable (for example, blood sugar test, visual observation, weight check, ankles for swelling, etc).

Make a record of the findings in your journal.

PART C: IDENTIFY VARIATIONS FROM NORMAL HEALTH

Using the information you have gathered in Part A and Part B, interpret the data and answer the two questions in the journal.

Working with a client for assessment of physical health status Permission Form

Supervisor’s approval

I,

<Supervisor’s name> approve

<student’s name> to undertake this project with

<Client’s name>.

The student will perform the following tasks:

  • obtain information about the physical health status of the client
  • perform/observe <please delete whichever is not applicable> a physical health check
  • discuss and identify variations from normal health.

Approval is dependent on the following conditions:

  • The student must be supervised at all times when working with the client.
  • The client or their family may request that this project be stopped at any point. In this case, other arrangements will be made in consultation with the student, the student’s assessor and myself.

Supervisor’s name:

Signature:

Date:

ASSESSMENT TASK5: WORKPLACE PROJECT JOURNAL

Complete this journal for the client you have chosen to work with. Make sure you get your work placement supervisor to sign off each entry.

Note: to preserve confidentiality, you must not include any information that could identify your client. Use ‘the client’ rather than the client’s name.