HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems

HLTAAP001 
Recognise healthy body systems
Release 1
Total Training Solutions Adelaide Assessments

Learning checkpoint 1
Work with information about the human body

This learning checkpoint allows you to review your skills and knowledge in working with information about the human body.

Part A

Read the case study, then answer the questions that follow.

Case study

Jenny is an older person. You have been given the following excerpt from her completed health status questionnaire. Read the questionnaire, and answer the questions that follow.

Question

Yes

No

Have you had a fall in last three months?

þ

o

(Please go to question 5)

What caused the fall?

Dizziness

Were you hurt as the result of the fall?

þ

o

(Please go to question 5)

How were you hurt?

Fractured arm

Skin lacerations

Can you get in and out of bed, a chair and the bath/shower easily?

þ

o

Are the floor surfaces in your home even?

þ

o

Is there sufficient lighting in your home?

þ

o

Have you experienced dizziness?

þ

o

Do you have osteoporosis?

þ

o

Are you physically active?

þ

o

Can you walk comfortably?

þ

o

Do you experience breathlessness?

þ

o

Do you have problems seeing?

þ

o

  1. Based on the information provided, identify five body systems that are affecting or may affect Jenny.
  2. Identify the location of the organs or sensory organs that form part of the body systems by labelling the following diagram.
location of the sensory organs of the body systems

Final assessment

How to work through this final assessment

This final assessment is designed to assess your performance of competency for the unit HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems, Release 1. Your assessor or workplace supervisor will help you fully understand assessment requirements for this unit.

The features of this final assessment are detailed in the following table.

Feature of the assessment resource

Explanation

Assessment information and scope

This section provides details of the unit of competency covered, setting out information about the aims of the unit, what areas are covered, how the assessment tasks must be completed and how the assessment is conducted.

Are you ready for assessment?

This section provides you with the opportunity to self-assess your performance, to ensure that you are ready to commence the assessment process.

Final assessment overview

This section provides an outline of the final assessment tasks to be covered.

Assessment plan

Your assessor will discuss the assessment tasks with you and may also customise the assessment tasks to suit specific requirements where needed.

Final assessment tasks

This section outlines the final assessment tasks in detail, including the relevant documentation you need to complete and submit along with your final assessment tasks.

Record of outcome

As you progress through the final assessment tasks, your assessor will use the record of outcome to confirm your performance and provide relevant advice and feedback.

Further information

Before you commence your final assessment tasks, you should review the information provided by your training organisation about assessment. You should not commence your final assessment tasks until you have read and understood this information. Your training organisation must also provide information about assessment while on practical placement, including specific time lines.

Assessment information and scope

Who is the final assessment designed for?

The final assessment is designed for candidates to demonstrate their competency having completed formal learning experiences in this unit. Assessment may occur in real and/or simulated work environments. Candidates may be undertaking the unit in a range of learning situations, including private study, via a traineeship arrangement or via other workplace-supported means.

What are the aims of the final assessment tasks?

This unit describes the skills and knowledge required to work with basic information about the human body and to recognise and promote ways to maintain healthy functioning of the body.

This unit applies to any worker who needs to use and interpret information that includes references to client anatomy and physiology.

The key outcomes are:

• Work with information about the human body

• Recognise and promote ways to support healthy functioning of the body

Prerequisites and
co-requisites

None

Legislative and licensing requirements

No licensing, legislative or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

You must ensure that you are ready to begin the final assessment. Complete the following self-assessment checklist to confirm that you hold the skills and knowledge required and feel ready to undertake a successful final assessment.

 

Topic

Key outcomes

I am able to perform skills and demonstrate knowledge satisfactorily in the following tasks.

q Topic 1 Work with information about the human body

q 1A Use and interpret health terminology that describes the structure, function and location of the major body systems

q 1B Use and interpret information relating to the interrelationships between major components of body systems and structures

q Topic 2 Recognise and promote ways to support healthy functioning of the body

q 2A Review factors that contribute to maintenance of a healthy body

q 2B Evaluate how relationships between body systems affect and support healthy functioning

q 2C Enhance quality of work activities by using and sharing information about healthy functioning of the body

If you have covered and feel confident in all of these areas, you are ready to proceed to the final assessment.

Before you commence the assessment process, discuss with your assessor or workplace supervisor any areas you do not feel confident in or have not covered.

Final assessment overview

To demonstrate your competency using this final assessment you must successfully complete both theory and practical assessment tasks.

Complete the following task using this learner guide

• Part A – Questions

You will demonstrate a sound knowledge of the unit requirements in your responses.

• Part B – Case study questions

You will demonstrate a sound knowledge of the unit requirements in your responses.

Refer to the Aspire Practical placement logbook for this unit

• Practical placement

Your performance will be assessed in the workplace.

Assessment plan

Complete the following form with your assessor.

Training organisation name

Total Training Solutions Adelaide

Candidate name

 

Phone number

 

Email

 

Assessor name

 

Unit/s of competency

HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems, Release 1

Assessment parts selected

q Part A – Questions

q Part B – Case study questions

q Practical placement

Ready for assessment declaration

I confirm that the purpose and procedures of this assessment have been clearly explained to me. I have been consulted about any special needs I might have in relation to the assessment process. The criteria to be used for this assessment have been discussed with me, as have the consequences and possible outcomes of the assessment.

I have accessed and understand general assessment information as provided by my training organisation.

I have been given fair notice of the date, time, venue and other arrangements for this assessment. I have completed a self-assessment of my performance of the skills and knowledge for this unit and confirm that I am ready for assessment.

My training organisation has provided information regarding time lines for assessment while on practical placement.

Candidate signature

 

Date

 

Final assessment tasks

Part A – Questions

Purpose

You will demonstrate a sound knowledge of the unit requirements in your responses.

Instructions to the candidate

All questions must be answered satisfactorily for Part A to be completed satisfactorily.

There is no restriction on the length of the question responses, or time restriction in completing the assessment.

You must complete all questions unassisted by the assessor or other personnel, but may refer to reference material as needed.

Resources required

The question responses section is the only resource required for this questioning assessment to be completed.

Assessment conditions

Skills must have been demonstrated in the workplace or in a simulated environment that reflects workplace conditions. The following conditions must be met for this unit:

• Use of suitable facilities, equipment and resources, including client health information

• Modelling of industry operating conditions, including integration of problem solving activities

Assessors must satisfy the Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015/AQTF mandatory competency requirements for assessors.

Reasonable adjustment

If you do not wish to respond to the questions in written form, an interview may be used as an alternative approach if negotiated with your assessor.

Candidate to complete

Candidate name

 

Date of assessment

 

Assessment declaration

I declare that no part of this assessment has been copied from another person’s work, except where clearly noted on documents or work submitted.

I declare that no part of this assessment has been written for me by another person. I understand that plagiarism is a serious offence that may lead to disciplinary action by my training organisation.

Candidate signature

 

Question 1

Complete this table with information about the location of selected body system components. The first one has been done for you.

Answer

Component

Body system

Location

Cells, tissues, organs and organ systems

Human being

A hierarchical structure of organisation that makes the human being.

Aorta

   

Upper respiratory tract

   

Phalanx 

   

Hormones (that regulate other functions of the body)

   

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 2

Complete this table with information about the location of selected body system components. The first one has been done for you.

Answer

Component

Body system

Location

Aorta

Cardiovascular

The aorta is an artery attached to the left ventricle of the heart.

Stomach

   

Kidneys

   

Testes

   

Epidermis

   

Alveoli

   

Pancreas

   

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 3

Complete this table with information about the location of selected body system components. The first one has been done for you.

Answer

Component

Body system

Location

Spleen

Lymphatic

The organ located in the abdomen.

Cornea

   

Lymphatic nodes

   

Thymus

   

Spinal cord

   

Tonsils

   

Central nervous system

   

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 4

Complete this table with information about the structure of the body systems. The first one has been done for you.

Answer

Body system

Structure

Cardiovascular

Made up of the heart and the blood vessels leading to and from the heart. The heart is made up of heart walls, chambers and valves.

Respiratory

 

Musculoskeletal

 

Endocrine

 

Digestive

 

Urinary

 

Reproductive

 

Integumentary

 

Lymphatic

 

Nervous

 

Immune

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 5

Complete this table with information about the function of the body systems. The first one has been done for you.

Answer

Body system

Function

Cardiovascular

Responsible for transporting blood throughout the body. It works in conjunction with the respiratory system to help move oxygen throughout the body.

Respiratory

 

Musculoskeletal

 

Endocrine

 

Digestive

 

Urinary

 

Reproductive

 

Integumentary

 

Lymphatic

 

Nervous

 

Immune

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 6

State the related organ for each of the following special senses:

• Vision

• Hearing

• Smell

• Taste

• Equilibrium

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 7

The special senses include vision, hearing, smell, taste and equilibrium. What is the main function of this group of special senses?

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 8

What is Hypoglycaemia? And list steps for First Aid for hypoglycaemia:

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 9

Complete this table with information about the function of each of the special senses.

Answer

Special sense

Function

Vision

 

Hearing

 

Smell

 

Taste

 

Equilibrium

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 10

List the main structures of the eye.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 11

Complete this table with information about the location of each of the special senses.

Answer

Special sense

Location

Vision

 

Hearing

 

Smell

 

Taste

 

Equilibrium

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 12

What is colorectal cancer?.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 13

What are the factors affecting nutrition in the elderly?.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 14

List two of the major organs of the body and state their location and function.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 15

Write steps for First Aid for Epilepsy:

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 16

Explain the interrelationship between major components of the body systems and other structures.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 17

Complete this table with information about the interrelations between two different body systems. The first one has been done for you.

Answer

Body system and function

Body system

Interrelationship

Cardiovascular:

The cardiovascular system is responsible for transporting blood throughout the body. It works in conjunction with the respiratory system to help move oxygen throughout the body.

Integumentary

The cardiovascular system controls sweat production.

Musculoskeletal:

The musculoskeletal system incorporates two major systems: the muscular system and the skeletal system. The skeleton asks as a frame for the body’s tissue and skin – the muscles make ambulation and movement possible.

Reproductive

 

Endocrine:

One of the major functions of the body’s systems is to keep the body in balance. The medical term that describes the processes used to regulate the body is homeostasis. One of the systems that play a major role in homeostasis is the endocrine system.

Respiratory

 

Digestive:

The digestive system breaks down food into energy and basic nutrients. The food is broken down into simple forms, such as glucose, amino acids and protein. This converted food is then absorbed into the blood stream from the small intestine and nutrients are carried to the cells throughout the body.

Urinary

 

Respiratory:

The respiratory system is responsible for ensuring the body has sufficient oxygen intake to oxygenate the blood and that it expels carbon dioxide.

Musculoskeletal

 

Nervous:

The nervous system is responsible for communicating information received by the senses to the brain. It is responsible for processing information and communicating required responses to the muscles and bones.

Immune

 

Integumentary:

The integumentary system is made up of the skin, glands, hair and nails. This system plays a number of roles. The skin in particular acts as a barrier protecting internal organs, helps make use of vitamin D and is a major organ that allows us to sense heat, cold, sharp surfaces and other environmental factors.

Lymphatic

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 18

Describe two ways that you can protect against the spread of infections.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 19

When participating in passive physical activity, what parts of the body are working?

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 20

What does active physical activity contribute to healthy body functioning?

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Question 21

How does knowing and sharing information about healthy body functioning enhance quality in activities by care workers?

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Assessor to complete

Feedback

All questions must be satisfactorily answered by the candidate as per the marking guide in the Trainer’s and assessor’s guide. The questioning assessment has been confirmed:

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Please include recommendations for future training / action in cases where the candidate has not satisfactorily achieved all criteria:

Declaration

I declare that this questioning assessment has been conducted as per the training organisation’s assessment procedures and the instructions provided for this assessment task, and that I have provided appropriate feedback to the candidate.

Assessor name

 

Assessor signature

 

Date marked

 

Part B – Case study questions

Purpose

You will demonstrate a sound knowledge of the unit requirements in your responses.

Instructions to the candidate

All questions must be answered satisfactorily for Part B to be completed satisfactorily.

There is no restriction on the length of the question responses, or time restriction in completing the assessment.

You must complete all questions unassisted by the assessor or other personnel, but may refer to reference material as needed.

Resources required

The question responses section is the only resource required for this section to be completed.

Assessment conditions

Skills must have been demonstrated in the workplace or in a simulated environment that reflects workplace conditions. The following conditions must be met for this unit:

• Use of suitable facilities, equipment and resources, including client health information

• Modelling of industry operating conditions, including integration of problem solving activities

Assessors must satisfy the Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015/AQTF mandatory competency requirements for assessors.

Reasonable adjustment

If you do not wish to respond to the questions in written form, an interview may be used as an alternative approach if negotiated with your assessor.

Candidate to complete

Candidate name

 

Date of assessment

 

Assessment declaration

I declare that no part of this assessment has been copied from another person’s work, except where clearly noted on documents or work submitted.

I declare that no part of this assessment has been written for me by another person. I understand that plagiarism is a serious offence that may lead to disciplinary action by my training organisation.

Candidate signature

 

Read the case study, then answer the questions that follow.

Case study (questions 1–5)

Mrs Hampshire has been admitted to the aged care facility this morning. Mrs Hampshire was transferred from the acute hospital following a stroke, that has left her with the following problems:

• Left hemiplegia that requires the full assistance of two care workers and the use of the hoist machine for transfers

• Dysphasia making communication difficult, which also requires a vitamised diet and thickened fluids

• Urinary and faecal incontinence, which has led to Mrs Hampshire developing a urinary tract infection for which she is still taking antibiotics

You are required to complete the admission paperwork for Mrs Hampshire. Mrs Hampshire‘s daughter has also come in to help her mother settle in to the facility. Mrs Hampshire’s daughter is able to provide the information needed to complete the paperwork. There is also a transfer letter from the hospital outlining the health problems Mrs Hampshire was treated for.

On admission, you note that Mrs Hampshire is flushed and sweaty. Attending to her personal hygiene needs, you note that the urine on the incontinence aid is quite dark in appearance and low in amount. The transfer letter from the hospital also contains a food and fluid chart that shows that Mrs Hampshire has only taken three spoonfuls of porridge and half a cup of tea this morning.

Name: Ms Helga Hampshire

Date: 19/03/2016

Date of birth: 05/07/1939

Gender: Female

Living arrangements

Was living independently in a retirement village with community services before admission to hospital. Will now be living in the aged care facility.

Who do you live with?

Alone

ü

With a spouse

 

With others

 

Medical history

• Diabetes – Type 2, requiring insulin

• Congestive cardiac failure

• Iron deficiency anaemia

• Right cerebrovascular accident

• Hypothyroidism

• Depression

• Incontinence

Do you have or have you had in the past any of the following conditions?

Heart disease

Now

ü

Previously

ü

Never

 

Cancer

Now

 

Previously

 

Never

 

Diabetes

Now

ü

Previously

ü

Never

 

Lung problems

Now

 

Previously

 

Never

 

Thyroid problems

Now

ü

Previously

ü

Never

 

Stomach problems

Now

ü

Previously

 

Never

 

Asthma

Now

 

Previously

 

Never

ü

High blood pressure

Now

 

Previously

 

Never

ü

Low blood pressure

Depression

Now

ü

Previously

 

Never

 

Comment:

Hypoactive thyroid treated with Thyroxine medication. Current records (10 February 2016) show normal thyroid functioning.

Currently experiencing difficulty with swallowing food and thin fluids.

Diabetes requiring BGL measurements QID and both hypoglycaemic medication and insulin as required.

Social interaction was previously very active and Mrs Hampshire enjoyed gardening, attending social functions at the retirement village and undertook regular exercise with a walking group. Currently Mrs Hampshire is immobilised as a result of the stroke and will require a hoist for transfers from bed to chair. Mrs Hampshire is also suffering from depression as a result of her stroke, the need to relocate to the aged care facility and the state of her present health. Along with her depression the stroke has affected her speech and Mrs Hampshire will only try to communicate with her daughter, with whom she has always had a close and loving relationship.

Do you have someone you can call on if you require help or want someone to talk to?

Yes

ü
Daughter

No

 

Do you participate in social activities?

Yes

ü
Before the stroke

No

 

Do you meet with friends or family weekly?

Yes

ü
Before the stroke

No

 

Do you need additional support?

Yes

ü
Full assistance with ADLs required

No

 

Nutrition index

Height: 150 cm

Weight: 45 kg

BMI:

Do you have difficulty with swallowing or chewing food?

Yes

ü

No

 

Do you feel like eating?

Yes

 

No

ü

Do you eat alone most of the time?

Yes

ü

No

 

Falls risk assessment

Have you fallen in the last three months?

Yes

ü

No

 

How many times?

1

Were you hurt?

Yes

ü

No

 

How?

Bruised leg and hip

What happened?

Felt dizzy when getting out of bed and fell to the floor

CS Question 1

Mrs Hampshire is dependent on the care worker for all activities of daily living (ADLs). The temperature is 32 degrees Celsius and, even though the facility is air-conditioned, Mrs Hampshire feels hot to touch and is flushed. State some actions that could assist Mrs Hampshire in maintaining a comfortable body temperature.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

CS Question 2

What observations on admission of Mrs Hampshire would indicate that she was at risk of fluid and electrolyte imbalance?

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

CS Question 3

What two body systems involving elimination of waste from the body are important for the development of care for Mrs Hampshire?

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

CS Question 4

Explain why Mrs Hampshire may have trouble maintaining her blood pressure. Relate it to one of the body systems that Mrs Hampshire is currently having problems with.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

CS Question 5

What is Mrs Hampshire‘s BMI? Is this within the normal range? What problems does Mrs Hampshire have that may make it difficult to maintain a healthy BMI?

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

Read the case study, then answer the questions that follow.

Case study (questions 6–8)

Mrs Hampshire has now been in the facility for 10 weeks. During this time, Mrs Hampshire has gradually improved in her health status. Regular physiotherapy sessions have maintained the muscle tone of the affected side of her body and she has been able use an electric wheelchair, which has increased her level of social interaction and physical mobility.

On admission, communication was noted to be a problem for Mrs Hampshire and was also contributing to her depression and isolation. A communication board was used and Mrs Hampshire also communicated via written words on a notepad, though this was difficult as she was previously left-handed.

Improvement in her speech through regular speech therapy sessions has also meant that Mrs Hampshire is able to communicate her needs more easily.

Mrs Hampshire still requires a special diet. By recording how much Mrs Hampshire is eating and drinking, it is found that she is not taking adequate fluids. After discussion with the supervisor and Mrs Hampshire’s daughter, a plan is made for Mrs Hampshire’s daughter to give her extra fluid after lunch each day. Her daughter also remembers that her mother doesn’t like coffee or tea but prefers chocolate. Mrs Hampshire’s fluid is changed to chocolate milk and the fluid intake increases to a healthy level.

CS Question 6

Explain the care actions that were taken and the body system that was affected.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

CS Question 7

What problem-solving activity did the support worker take to assist with fluid intake to improve urinary system functioning?

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory

CS Question 8

Identify the health issues that Mrs Hampshire had and may experience. Explain how this problem affects other systems of the body in supporting healthy functioning.

Answer

 

Marking

q Satisfactory

q Unsatisfactory