Computer Science is the study of computers, which includes both hardware and software design. It also studies the application of computer technology to science, business, and the arts. It is composed of several branches or sub-fields like computational complexity theory (involves properties of computational graphics), computer graphics (place’s emphasis on computation of specific results), artificial intelligence, software engineering, algorithms and data structures, programming methodology and languages, networking and communications, database systems, parallel computation, distributed computation, computer-human interaction, etc.

Technically, computer science can be defined as the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and of practical techniques for their implementation and application in computer systems. Today computer science is usually considered to be an important branch of engineering.

Computer science has its roots primarily in the fields of electrical engineering (i.e., electronics), mathematics and linguistics. It is still a relatively young and developing field, mainly because it was only about fifty years ago that electronics technology became sufficiently adept and advanced to allow the construction of even primitive electronic computing devices.

The major areas into which the field of computer science is divided are:

  • Theoretical Computer Science – TCS is a division or subset of general computer science and it focuses on more abstract or mathematical aspects of computing. It encompasses both the classical theory of computation and a wide range of other topics that focus on the more abstract and logical.
  • Applied Computer Science – It stresses on a hands-on approach, applying theory to the practical problems of developing engineering and information systems with large software content.
  • Artificial Intelligence – AI is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science that aims to create it. The field was founded on the claim that a central property of humans, intelligence—the sapience of Homo sapiens—can be so precisely described that it can be simulated by a machine.
  • Computer Architecture – It is the art of assembling logical elements into a computing device and the specification of the relation between parts of a computer system. In simple words, this field is about selecting and arranging hardware components to make functional and economical computers.

It undoubtedly says that today computer science is an emerging field in engineering. The studies in this area involve a lot of intricate and complicated problems that students often find challenging. Not only does the profession guarantee you a great pay check, it also promises a global career. Computer Science, Software Engineering and Information Technology/Systems are international qualifications, enabling students to work globally, and in a very broad variety of roles.

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