It is important to see how the fits within the context of the organization's structure. Within an organization, units and individuals must cooperate to create outputs. Ideally, the organization's structure brings together the people who must collaborate in order to efficiently produce the desired outputs. The structure may do this in a way that is highly centralized or decentralized. The organization may group jobs according to functions, or it may set up divisions to focus on products or customer groups.
Although there is infinite number of ways to combine the elements of an organization's structure, we can make some general observations about structure and work design. If the structure is strongly based on function, workers tend to have low authority and to work alone at highly specialized jobs.
Work design often emphasizes the analysis and design of jobs.