Pay equity is a principle of non discrimination in wages that requires men and women doing work of equal value to the employer to be paid same. Pay equity legislation is intended to address the wage gap, the difference between the earnings of women working full time versus the earnings of men working full time. The irony is that men and women tend to begin their career on an approximately equal footing, however woman fall behind later, often after time away from paid employment to have children. As a result, men end up with more experience. Also, men tend to work for longer hours, have more education, and are less likely than women to work part time. Cumulatively, however, these factors do not explain the entire wage gap or earning gap between men and women.
The pay equity system has been criticized for the overall lack of progress.