Among the most significant efforts to regulate human resource management are those aimed at achieving equality in employment and eliminating discrimination based on protected ground such as race, color, age or sex. Discrimination means to “treat someone differently or unfairly because of a personal characteristic. However, it may be helpful to note that is acceptable, and in fact encouraged to discriminate on the basis of performance.
All individuals a have a right to an equal chance to be hired, keep a job, get a promotion or receive other work benefits regardless of personal characteristics including race, color, national or ethnic origin, religion or sexual orientation, age, marital status, sex, family status, physical or mental disability.
Direct discrimination involves policies or practices that clearly make a distinction on the basis of a prohibited ground. Indirect discrimination involves policies or practices that appear to be neutral but have an adverse effect on the basis of a prohibited ground.