Safety in Fitness Assignment

Safety in Fitness Assignment

Assignment Task

Task: 1

Short Answer Questions

  1. In relation to the fitness industry and the laws that govern it, explain the following terms:
  2. Duty of Care
  3. Volunteer
  4. Professional Indemnity Insurance
  5. Public Liability Insurance
  6. Hazard
  7. Equipment Inventory
  8. Equipment Maintenance Log
  9. Manual-Handling Risks
  1. 2. List two (2) mandatory qualifications you need to perform the following roles in fitness:
  2. Explain the relationship between mandatory qualifications and insurance. (ie. How might insurance be affected if you did not have the appropriate qualifications for your role?)
  3. Go to QLD’s Code of Practice for First Aid 2014. You can do this by:
  • Opening the file in your USB titled ‘WHS QLD First Aid in the Workplace Code of Practice’ or

Use the information within this Code of Practice to answer the following questions:

  1. List the four (4) main areas that need to be considered when determining first aid requirements for a workplace.
  2. First aid kits are essential in a workplace, particularly in the fitness industry. Apart from the standard items required, list at least five (5) additional contents that should be included in a first aid kit when operating in remote locations.
  3. It is essential that a fitness business regularly review their first aid arrangements in consultation with their workers to ensure they remain adequate and effective. Using the information in this code, list three (3) questions you could ask to review your first aid arrangements.
  4. According to this Code, explain where a first aid kit should be stored.
  5. According to this Code, explain the ratio of trainer first aiders required in a low risk workplace.
  6. Accident Incident reports are common in the fitness industry. List four (4) reasons WHS incidents should be recorded using this form.
  7.     Social capital means the networks of relationships among people who live and work in a particular society, enabling that society to function effectively.  Encouraging regular participation in regular fitness activities such as group exercises classes can build social capital and have a significant economic and social impact on individuals and communities in Australia.  
  8. Explain five (5) ways that fitness can contribute to social capital and strengthen communities
  9. Explain the economic benefits of fitness. In other words, how can encouraging more people to exercise regularly help Australia economically?
  10. Go to the Code of Professional Conduct and Ethical Practice 2014. You can do this by:
  • Opening the file in your USB titled ‘ESSA Code of Professional Conduct and Ethical Practice 2014’ or
  • Clicking this link:

Review this Code and then complete the table on the following page.  The table outlines five points covered in the Code. Your task is to explain how each point listed can improve the fitness industry and help a fitness trainer make exercise more appealing to Australians in order to increase regular participation in exercise.

  1. List the four (4) steps you would follow during the risk management process
  2. List five (5) points a risk-treatment plan should include.
  3. In the table below, explain how each of the following tools can help in the administration and maintenance of fitness equipment.
  4. List five (5) strategies that can help ensure maintenance schedules are implemented effectively.
  5. General maintenance procedures include tasks such as general cleaning, tidying, storing away loose equipment, disinfecting, removing waste, etc. Explain three (3) reasons why it is important to carry out general maintenance procedures in a workplace on a daily basis.
  6. List two (2) reasons why it is important to store and handle equipment according to manufacturer instructions, and organisational policies and procedures.
  7. As a fitness trainer, it is important to continually monitor your levels of fatigue.  Refer to Safe Work Australia’s ‘Guide for Managing Risk of Fatigue at Work’ and answer the questions below:
  8. As a fitness trainer, it is important to continually monitor your levels of stress.  Refer to Safe Work Australia’s Report ‘Work-Related Mental Disorders in Australia’ and answer the questions below:
  9. list ONE policy or procedure you might refer to when:
    • Conducting a client orientation
    • Storing fitness equipment and supplies
    • Performing routine equipment maintenance
    • Speaking to a client that is becoming verbally or physically abusive
  • Conducting a risk analysis within a gym.


Safety in Fitness

  1. In relation to the fitness industry and the laws that govern it, explain the following terms:
  2. The duty of Care: It is a legal requirement for those involved in the fitness industry to act towards others and others with watchfulness, attentiveness, caution and prudence that a reasonable person in the circumstances would. It is important in ensuring the health and safety of clients within the fitness environment. The duty of care is protected under various legislation in Australia and necessitates the removal of any risk to the safety of clients and employees in the environment.
  3. A volunteer is a worker in the fitness industry who do not receive any payment for the work they do. They are provided by with the requisite tools and equipment that needs to perform their work, and they are covered by personal accident, professional indemnity and public liability are paid by their employing organization. Their employer also has a duty of care to ensure their health and safety in the workplace.
  4. Professional Indemnity Insurance: it is a type of liability insurance that aids protect fitness practitioners from bearing the cost of defense against a negligence claim made by a client and any resulting damages that have been awarded. A professional indemnity insurance protects a business against claims of professional misconduct, negligence and any harm that may arise during practice.
  5. Public Liability Insurance: is meant to protect the business in the event that a client or a member of the public suffers personal injury or any harm because of the business. It covers any compensation claims, and it is a critical element that covers any business that interacts with customers. Practitioners are legally required to have such insurance.
  6. Hazard: A hazard is anything that has the potential to cause injury or illness to a client. It is a potential emergency.
  7. Equipment Inventory is a record of all the equipment in the sport and recreation facility. It is meant to keep track of all the equipment and resources.
  8. Equipment Maintenance Log: is an accountability tool used to keep track of how, when and by whom equipment has been maintained
  9. Manual-Handling Risks: any risk that arises from transporting or supporting a load by hand or bodily force. Any activity requiring a person to lift, move or support a weight. It may result in risks such as back injury, or musculoskeletal disorder.
  1. Mandatory requirements in performing the following roles:
  1. Relationship between mandatory qualification and insurance

Getting insurance for the fitness and personal training is a critical aspect of the protection of the business against any legal proceeding, and it affects the business in its interaction with clients. Business and especially in the sport and fitness sector insurance is a necessary if not a mandatory requirement. It protects against an unforeseen event that could damage the reputation of the business. Mandatory qualifications are meant to ensure the practitioners have the necessary knowledge and expertise to provide quality service and ensure the safety and health of a client in the environment. In the context of acquiring insurance, it ensures an insurance company provides a cost effective premium rate. Those without the mandatory qualifications may still acquire insurance, especially, the Professional Indemnity Insurance, but because of the lack of mandatory qualifications, the premiums might be more expensive because of the risk associated with their lack of qualification. There are seen as being susceptible to legal action, and riskier. Thus, acquiring insurance will be harder, and expensive.

  1. QLD’s Code of Practice for First Aid 2014
  1. Four main areas that need to be considered when determining workplace first aid requirements.
  • Identifying the hazards that could result in work-related illness or injury
  • Assessing the type, seriousness and the chance of injuries or illness
  • Offering the apt first aid equipment, amenities and training.
  • Reviewing the first aid necessities on a regular basis or as circumstances dictate(Code of Professional Conduct and Ethical Practice, 2014).
  1. Additional first aid kit when operating in remote locations
  • Blister care, Foam or gel pads.
  • Small magnifier for wound cleaning
  • Adhesive bandages
  • Tweezers
  • 1’’ athletic tape
  1. Questions when reviewing First Aid arrangements
  • Are the first aid kits well preserved and identifiable to workers?
  • Do the first aid kits and units suit the hazards at the workplace?
  • The need for more first-aiders?
  1. Storing a First aid kit

A first aid kit ought to be stored in a well known, accessible location and should be able to be retrieved easily. Its access should be guaranteed in security-controlled workrooms and in areas where there are higher risks of injury and illness. The first aid kit should be located around areas with a high risk of injury or illness, and such areas should be secured.

Ratio of trained first aiders required in low risk workplaces

According to the Code of Practices, one first aider for every 50 workers is the recommended ratio in low risk workplaces to ensure effectiveness in cases of injury or illness. The number is appropriate to ensure the safety of individuals in the low risk workplace.

Recording WHS incidents using accident incident reports:

  1. To ensure an accuracy in tracking and appropriate follow-up of all serious incidents that occur in the workplace.
  2. To reduce any potential for a future occurrence.
  3. To reduce the effect of any future accident.
  4. To minimise the losses of the client and the fitness practitioner in the fitness industry.

Social capital

Five ways that fitness contributes to social capital and strengthening communities

  1. It supports community building by strengthening the residents’ commitment to their loyal area and encouraging people with low levels of fitness participation to becoming involved.
  2. Developing social capital by building groups with mutual interests, and acting together to achieve some objectives.
  3. Promoting positive social conduct and removing any anti-social behaviour.
  4. In a community perspective, group exercise encourages bonds within the community because it encourages people to communicate with other community members and work with one another. Thus, it leads to creating strong community relationships and brings the community together with group activities.
  5. In a group exercise, every member of a community is given a chance to get involved, and it is also a critical element to show different community members they are needed. The activities require every member to get involved, and when no one is left behind, social capital is strengthened because it shows their importance from a community perspective.

Economic benefits of fitness

Fitness centres and the fitness industry has various economic benefits to the Australian society, for example, Australia’s fitness centres and industry provides direct savings through direct healthcare costs of more than 100 million dollars annually. Additionally, there is a three percent increase in fitness centre utilisation by the adult demographic that delivers health care savings of more than 200 million dollars. A key benefit of the Australian fitness sectors is improving the health of the Australian public. A health population provides an opportunity to lead active lifestyles, healthy and productive lives. This reduces health care costs, enhances productivity in the workplace and increases the amount of labour available to the market.

Furthermore, fitness leads to the direct creation of employment opportunities. For example, it has led to the creation of 2609 full time employees in 2009. The employees have a direct economic impact on the wages they receive, the money paid in taxes and the corresponding spending it has on an economy. Furthermore, the industry employs more than 17,000 employees on a full time basis.

Code of Professional Conduct and Ethical Practice 2014

Risk management process

  • Risk identification
  • Risk assessment and prioritisation
  • Risk treatment, and
  • Monitor and review.

Points a risk management plan should include

  • The control Option (Elimination, substitution, engineering among else)
  • Steps to be taken to implement the control option.
  • The person responsible for each step
  • The resources needed.
  • The date that it must be done

The following tools help in administration and maintenance of fitness equipment

Policy or procedure in reference to:

  • Conducting a client orientation: – Code of Professional Conduct and Ethical Practice
  • Storing fitness equipment and supplies: – Manufacturer’s instruction
  • Performing routine equipment maintenance: – Manufacturer’s instruction or organisational policy.
  • Speaking to a client that is becoming verbally or physically abusive: – Code of Professional Conduct and Ethical Practice
  • Conducting a risk analysis within a gym: – Work Health and Safety.

Task: 2

Scenario One

  1. Sources of information when conducting a risk analysis

Maintenance checklist

Workplace inspection checklist

Hazard log

  1. Methods of identifying hazards in the workplace

Hazard Logs: this provides an auditable record of hazard management throughout the life of a specific facility, activity, operation or system. It acts as a database that contains information showing how safety issues are being resolved. Using this method, the present hazards in the Ashmore PCYC gym will be identified and how it can be dealt with effectively.

Accident incident Report: This ensures an accurate tracking and appropriate follow-ups of all serious incidents that occur in the workplace which will ensure all the previous accidents have been tracked and there are appropriate follow-ups to ensure they will not reoccur.

Scenario Three

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