PAM006 SFP Final Project
Professional accounting project report
MSc in Professional Accountancy (MPAcc)
Module: PAM006 Strategic Financial Project (SFP) Final Individual Project
Section 1 (90% weighting of this assignment)
This should be submitted as a separate document and uploaded to the Project Turnitin submission link for this project via the designated relevant tab (section 1).
Your Individual New business venture proposal/Workplace business-strategic plan report
You are required to produce a 5-year business/strategic plan report.
There are three potential report scenarios from which you should select one:
- You may if you wish situate your report within your Workplace scenario. If you do so it should be suitable for consideration by a new management team for your workplace in the context of the strategic challenges facing the company.
- You may if you wish use a workplace/company which is not your primary workplace but one which you are familiar with and can have access to relevant data and information (which can be quite challenging).
- You may if you wish prepare a business/strategic plan report for a new business venture (NBV) scenario, the report should be suitable for potential investors and relevant stakeholders.
In any of these three scenarios, appropriate permission of use of data should be sought. Where data is of a confidential nature, a note should be placed on the front of your title page stating the following:
Your report should be between 4,000 words and a maximum of 4,500 words. Penalties apply for exceeding the word count. No formal penalties apply for using fewer than 4,000 words but in so doing you may be penalising yourself as it is likely to be challenging to respond to the requirement in less than 4,000 words. When combined with Section 2 the total word count should not exceed 6,000 words. State an accurate word count on the title page of Section 1. Failure to do so will result in a 5 mark penalty.
In producing your report you should:
- Research the relevant ‘real world’ industry, market and business environment the company/venture is situated in. You should use a combination of relevant real world primary and/or secondary research to provide the basis upon which your strategic choices are made.
- Utilise a range of strategic tools (SWOT, PESTLE, Ansoff, Porter and so on as appropriate) to help analyse the relevant situated context.
- Identify, explore and evaluate alternative strategies for developing the business.
- Arising out of a), b) and c) above, set out a compelling five-year business plan consultancy report designed to enhance shareholder value. You may use your own definition of shareholder value but must explain and justify its selection. The report may identify a range of strategies for consideration but should ultimately put forward your recommendation with evidenced justification for why the proposed is the best way forward.
- Identify specific key performances (KPIs) to assist in measuring to what degree shareholder value is being enhanced. These KPIs should be justified and appropriately monitored such that it facilitates a good overview of performance.
- Include extracts of your spreadsheet planning tool results/financial forecasts within your report to strengthen your justifications and evidence. You are not required to submit the actual planning tool. However, the connectivity of your financial plans should flow throughout your report and should be presented in a user-friendly and robust manner.
- d) Review your proposed plan, and identify and assess the key risks within it.
You should include graphs, tables and figures within the main body of the report where appropriate. Please refer to the Project Presentation Guide document within the Final Project section on the VLE for word count guidance for tables and graphs.
If you carry out any primary research you should include relevant extracts within the main body or an appendix as part of the evidence of carrying out that primary research and appropriate analysis.
Where you carry out secondary research you should ensure you reference appropriately.
Any appendices should not contain any materials central to the core thrust of the assignment: it should not contain information or large amounts of text which you cannot fit into the main body of your report to escape the word count limit! As such, appendices content will not be considered within the mark scheme formally but will, of Assignment, provide the highlights of your evidence for reference purposes.
The following criteria will be assessed on a scale of up to 10 mapped to the mark ranges for this module (point 4 above):
- Overall contextual research into the relevant industry, market and business environment (15%)
- Use of primary and/or secondary research to justify the strategic option(s) being set out for the organisation (15%)
- Definition and justification of shareholder value for chosen organisation (6%)
- Recommended strategy/strategies and justification of those strategies (8%),
- Robust linkages with your financial forecasts (11%)
- New business venture/workplace scenario-specific KPIs justification (10%)
- Identification and assessment of key risks within the proposed plan (10%)
- The quality of the report taking account of cohesion, links with your research, evidence, financials, justifications and associated considerations (20%) - Note: this will be assessed using the assessor’s academic judgement of the overall submission presented.
- Overall communication (5%) – Note: this will be assessed using the assessor’s academic judgement of the overall submission presented.
To help you frame your thoughts around the report, here are a few points to think about:
- In essence, you are doing something similar to the Icarus activity in that you are thinking ahead strategically for an organisation over the next 5 years.
- Whether you are using your workplace scenario or a new business venture (NBV) scenario, there is a skeleton spreadsheet planning tool which you can use to explore different scenarios. The skeleton tool, however, is just that – a tool. We have provided this to help you but the extent of its usage is up to you. If you are using your workplace, you may already have access to a tool or may need to develop a simple one using the skeleton or your own to aid your exploration of options. If you are going for the NBV scenario, you may wish to create your own simple tool or create an adapted version of the skeleton or you can use workings of your own design. Again, this is your choice to make.
- Ultimately you are being asked to plan for the future, a future which will enhance shareholder value. Remember you define (and justify) what you mean by shareholder wealth. Having done so, you will need to identify and set out appropriate objectives to aim for and to be measured. This should involve identifying a range of KPIs for such holistic measurement.
- You may wish – not unreasonably - to use your workplace’s current financial position and its strategy(ies) as your departure point. Or you may need to project the first year’s financial status for your NBV and build upon that.
- The research you carry out could well be based upon primary and/or secondary research (as covered in the first 11 weeks of the module) where appropriate. Finding out about the business landscape/industry that your NBV/your workplace scenario is based within is a first step. The strategies you will wish to try out will depend upon your independent research.
- The skeleton tool can help you generate forecast results for the alternative scenarios and strategies you decide to explore be they, for example, exploring a new international market or extending an existing product line or introducing a new product line. You should select the scenario and strategy you feel most appropriate for the business. You should then ‘officially’ recommend and endorse it, and in so doing provide justification, citing ‘evidence’ where necessary. This is much like the rationales you and your team were providing as support for the choices you were making for each round in Icarus – but with further development.
- The skeleton tool is there for you to use, adapting it as you see fit. You will definitely need to make adjustments to the tool but it is just to help you plan. Remember, the main output for this assessment is the report – the skeleton tool should be viewed as part of the process you use to arrive at the report you submit. Unlike Icarus, you do not have the luxury of ‘rolling the world forward’ but nonetheless, the mindset Icarus should have put you in will help think about the issues you will need to address for this assignment.
- Try not to spend all of your time playing with any skeleton tool ‐ your justifications must come from your research into the environment, target markets and possibly even primary research to back up your assertions. This helps inform the numbers you pump into the tool!
- The skeleton tool is not a perfect one – indeed, a ‘perfect’ one probably does not exist! You will need to tweak it yourself if you find any issues and/or if you change anything yourself. But it is a general one to help kick-start your thought process and to help provide some inspiration for you. Remember, you do not have to use this tool, you can create/adapt one of your own.
- At the end of the day, if this was your business... What would you do? and will someone objective reading your plan for the first time understand what you are trying to achieve, why and how?
- If someone were to pick up your report and read the conclusion first, then the main body and then the introduction, would it all tie together? There should be a thread/narrative throughout that allows the reader to be able to go back, go forward and come back again and still allow good linkages. Does it ‘hang together’?
A note about structuring the report
There is no one set way to structure your report for this assessment. There is room for individuality and creativity but with a goal of providing an easy to follow, clear and wellevidenced report. Below are some areas/headings that you may wish to utilise to help structure your report or to help ensure you cover key areas. But, again, this is not set in stone and can be adapted as you see fit.
- Background Industry/market analysis using relevant frameworks tools
- Any key primary research (if applicable) conducted with results, particularly in the context of identifying and exploring strategic alternatives/opportunities.
- Identification of overall objectives; relevant KPI selection and justification; selection and justification of key strategies
- Financial plans/projections
- Risk assessments
- Recommendations and conclusion
- Full consistent reference list using accepted referencing style e.g. Harvard.
END OF SECTION 1
Section 2 (10% weighting of this assignment)
This should be submitted as a separate document and uploaded to the Project Turnitin submission link for this project via the designated relevant tab (section 2).
Your Individual Reflective piece
This relates to one main area: the Icarus activity.
The total word count for Section 2 is 1,000 – 1,500 words maximum.
Penalties apply for exceeding the word count. No formal penalties apply for using fewer than 1,000 words but in so doing you may be penalizing yourself as it is likely to be challenging to respond to the requirement in less than 1,000 words. When combined with Section 1 the total word count should not exceed 6,000 words.
State an accurate word count at the end of this Section or state it on the front title page.Failure to do state the word count for each Section in your submission will result in a 5 mark penalty.
Context and Requirement Context
“We do not learn so much from experience as we do from reflecting on our experience.” – John Dewey
John Dewey (1859-1952) is considered by some to be one of the most influential thinkers about the philosophy of education in the twentieth century. His writings in Dewey, J. (1933) How We Think. A restatement of the relation of reflective thinking to the educative process (Revised edn.), Boston: D.C. have inspired many of those involved in the education process – educators and students. His ideas are located in more recent, populist writings, illustratively:
Harry stared at the stone basin. The contents had returned to their original, silvery white state, swirling and rippling beneath his gaze.
“ What is it?” Harry asked shakily.
“This? It is called a Pensieve,” said Dumbledore. “ I sometimes find, and I am sure you know the feeling, that I simply have too many thoughts and memories crammed into my mind.”
“Err,” said Harry who couldn’t truthfully say that he had ever felt anything of the sort.
“At these times” said Dumbledore, indicating the stone basin, “ I use the
Penseive. One simply siphons the excess thoughts from one’s mind, pours them into a basin, and examines them at one’s leisure. It becomes easier to spot patterns and links, you understand, when they are in this form.’
Excerpt from Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, by J. K. Rowling
(Rowling, J.K., (2000) Harry Potter and the goblet of fire. London, Bloomsbury Publishing.)
Reflection is important within educational experiences. A reflective statement is a statement that captures thoughts about, perceptions of, a past experience, such as that you have experienced in your study of this module. They help us to understand past events and associated experiences and to learn lessons. Having written a reflective statement, it is then possible to analyse it and draw lessons about future decisions, behaviour and actions. Such a statement can focus on the consequences of the educational experience for work-related decisions, behaviour and actions, not least in the arena of confirming or amending professional work practices.
With this in mind, look back over your Icarus rationale and minutes of meetings submissions and any other correspondence you held with your team mates over the Icarus period (between weeks 12 to 18). If you have been keeping an ‘off-line’ diary during the activity as suggested, you should also refer to this as it will certainly help you identify the experience ‘raw’ at the time in preparation for analyses.
Take time to think about what you have learnt from the various interactions, research tasks, performance analyses, and teamwork etc. that took place during each of the five rounds of play. You should have already captured some of this during the activity. Now, you should be seeking to articulate your experience, feelings and evaluation of the activity in terms of any personal and professional impact upon you. Note that if you did not participate in Icarus, then you will be unable to reflect and therefore forgo the marks available for this section.
- Using Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle (see Appendix A of this document) or an appropriate alternative reflection framework, provide a reflective account of your Icarus activity and its impact upon your personal and professional development now and in your future.
In addressing this task you should ensure that you do not just describe each round of the Icarus activity but rather reflect upon the learning experience through evaluation, analysis, conclusions and ultimately provide your future plans for enhancing your professional practice.
Overall, the reader is seeking to be provided with a written account that captures your critical thought process of reflection. Accordingly, the marking criteria for Section 2 will consider overall cohesion but with particular emphasis on the quality of your evaluation, analysis, conclusions and action plans.
Please note that if you use an alternative reflective framework you should state what it is and cite its author. The marking criteria will still be seeking evaluation, analysis, conclusions and action plans (on a scale of up to 10).
In responding to this requirement you should, clearly, certainly refer to relevant MScPAcc materials as appropriate. You are encouraged to also draw upon other materials, as appropriate, from other sources. Ensure that your response is not just descriptive but also reflects analysis, evaluation, conclusions, and plans. There are a number of sources freely available concerning the art and science of reflection. Feel free to draw upon such sources. Alternatively you may wish to read Appendix A of this document.
To help you frame your thinking around being ‘reflective’ one particular model that may be of use is Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle or Model of Reflection (1988). This is depicted on the right and contains six categories.
You can use these six categories as a departure point as you embark on thinking and writing reflectively for each round of Icarus and indeed, for the final project when the time comes:
- What happened during the round? Who was involved/not involved?
- What was the actual process that was applied as you embarked upon the activity?
- What were the aims of the round and of your team within Icarus compared to your own aims?
- Relay the account to the reader but do not spend too much of your word count on providing an account that is just simply descriptive.
- What did you feel? How did you react or respond?
- Why did you respond in such a way? Did your feelings affect your actions?
- Identify and examine your reactions, feelings and thoughts at the time.
- It is important to be
- Look at the judgements and choices you made at the time about how things were going.
- What was positive? Negative? What made you think this?
- Try to stand back from the event/round/experience and be objective in your evaluations.
- What made you think something was good or bad?
- Examine your own judgements and what contributed to them. How do you feel about them now?
- Examine the experience/event/round in depth and identify an overarching key aspect of the experience/event/round that affected it greatly and as such needs addressing next time. For example, an aspect of communication or time management or organisation or commitment that might have played a central part in the outcome.
- How was it flawed this time? In what way? Why? How should it have worked in this situation?
- What ideas or theories are you aware of which look at this? Does theory about this aspect help you make more sense of what happened?
- Could you use theory to improve this aspect in the future? In this section, you need to fully examine and make sense of factors affecting the situation, and exploring ways to change and develop these.
- What have you learned from each experience/event/round?
- What would you change for next time?
- Would such a change be possible?
- You should also identify what to improve. These may be specific skills, or identifying new knowledge.
- What could you do differently next time and how could you prepare for this?
- What areas need developing or planning for? What resources do you need, and where would they be found?
- What steps will be taken first?
Do remember that your reflections on an event/experience/round can change over time as you reflect more and acquire more knowledge. Refine your reflections, perhaps by writing a longer, more descriptive account but focusing on key events/moments. Reflective writing is useful as a positive method to help identify and develop yourself and your skills. Often, we do not get a chance to do this.
Gibbs, G (1988). Learning by doing: a guide to teaching and learning methods. Oxford: Further Education Unit, Oxford Polytechnic