Linguistics COM 101 FINAL EXAM

1. ABOARD the sinking ship, the bandplayed cheerfully into the nigh

a preposition.

2. ACCORDING TO his mother, Nelson should spend his evenings studying INSTEAD OF browsing social media.

The word groups in ALL CAPS in the preceding sentence are examples of ...

phrasal prepositions.

3. All of the following words are classified as quantifiers EXCEPT ...

VERY

4. Alphonse wants to tell Miranda that he cares for her and for no one else. Which of the following sentences expresses that idea most clearly?

MIRANDA, I CARE ONLY FOR YOU. MIRANDA, I CARE FOR YOU ONLY.

5. Arnold gazed at the CHAIRS in his apartment as he considered the purchase of new FURNITURE.

Which of the following statements is true regarding the nouns in ALL

CAPS?

Chairs is a common, concrete, and count noun; furniture is a common, concrete, and noncount noun.

6. At their concert, the middle-school orchestra's musicians seemed OUT OF TUNE.

The word group in ALL CAPS is functioning as ...

a Predicate Adjective

7. Be, Become, and Feel are ...

linking and irregular verbs.

8. By the time Maria finishes her assignment in the literature course, she will have been reading for eight hours.

The main verb of the preceding sentence is in the __________ tense.

future perfect progressive

9 .The cable company cut off our Internet service becausewe didn't pay thebill

Which of the following statements is true regarding the preceding sentence?

NOT The main verb of the sentence is the intransitive verb "cut," and "ourInternet service" is the object of thepreposition "off." OR The main verb ofthe sentence is the transitive verb "pay,"and "the bill" functions as its direct object. OR the main verb of the sentence is a modal verb...

10. A conjunction may connect two or

more ... (Select all that apply.)

PHRASES, SENTENCES, CLAUSES,

WORDS

11. Contentedly sunning itself on the window sill, the incredibly obese cat paid no attention to the birds feeding just inches from its nose.

The word sunning is a ...

PRESENT PARTICIPLE

12. Demonstratives include all of the

following EXCEPT

...

THERE

13. Every complete sentence consists of at least ...

one independent clause.

14. Exasperated by his poor Internet connection,

Michael let Isabella order the textbook on his behalf.

The word order is a/an ...

not a verb in the present tense or a past participle

15. The film title My

Big Fat Greek Wedding provides an example of ...

???? NOT incorrectly punctuated coordinate adjectives

  1. A fragment lacks one main component. A MAIN 21. Identify the sentence Which of the following is it? CLAUSE which uses a phrasal

17. From time to time, there seems to be unusual lights in our neighbor's attic.

To correct the preceding sentence, ...

??? Don't remove the comma

after time

18. A girl in my class, Sophia, didn't learn to ride a bike until she was 18.

Which of the following is an appositive?

SOPHIA

19. HIS FINGERS DRUMMING LOUDLY ON THE WOODEN TABLE, Professor Alvarez waited impatiently for Thomas to answer the question.

The word group in ALL CAPS is ...

an absolute phrase

20. I am buying all of my family's holiday gifts early this year.

The main verb of this sentence is in the __________ tense.

present progressive

preposition.

22. Identify the sentence written in passive--not active--voice.

The city manager was appointed to office by the mayor.

23. I dislike going to the movies by myself.

Going is a ...

gerund functioning as an object?

24. If a word can always be modified by an adjective, then that word must be a ...

common noun.

25. If the "-ly" suffix is added to ____________, the result is an adjective; if the "-ly" suffix is added to

____________, the result is an

adverb

noun; adjective

26. In a sentence in which the main verb is in the passive voice, the recipient of the verb's action is found ...

before the verb

two or more words functioning as a preposition: examples include according to apart from because of by means of contrary to given that in addition to in front of in reference to in regard to instead of in spite of on account of on top of out of prior to pursuant to rather than with regard to with the exception of. The answer is NOT Upon entering the moon's gravitational field, the rocket gained additional speed. OR Whom did you go with?

  1. Included in the class of words articles, demonstratives, called determiners are all of quantifiers, possessives, the following EXCEPT ... and cardinal numbers

28. In which of the following sentences are commas used CORRECTLY?

IT is NOT ALL OF THE

ABOVE

Not I'll be in Milan Italy next year.

29. In which of the following sentences are semicolons used appropriately?

The available color combinations are red, yellow and blue; green, orange and purple; and brown, black and gray.

30. In which of the following sentences is the main verb in the past progressive tense?

Whenever it rained, the clogged gutters were overflowing.

31. I think he is hoping that it will actually work.

The main verb in this sentence is in the ______ tense?

simple present?

32. The list of common coordinating conjunctions may be remembered using the acronym FANBOYS. The letters stand for ...

for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

33. Near forests, residents must always put their garbage securely in bear-proof trashcans.

In this sentence, which word is an adverb, and which is the word it modifies?

securely / put

34. A ____________ NEVER introduces an independent clause

subordinating conjunctions?

35. Normally, when a subordinate clause follows a main clause ...

A comma should NOT be used to separate them.

36. The passive voice is formed when a verb phrase contains ...

a "to be" helping verb and the past participle of a transitive verb.

37. Phrases can function as all of the following EXCEPT ...

demonstratives.

38. Prepositional phrases may function as either ...

adjectives or adverbs.

Name all the classes of determiners

  1. Q34 the tense of the

1/1.0 primary helping

verb or primary auxiliary verb in the The past, present and future forms verb phrase. of perfect and progressive tenses are indicated by ...

40. Rachel gave Susan the concert tickets yesterday morning.

In the above sentence, the word "Susan" functions as ...

an indirect object.

41. Some phrases end with objects. By definition, an object must be what part of speech?

noun or pronoun

42. The ___________ tense is formed by the future tense of the verb "to be" followed by a verb in the present participle form.

future progressive

43. To find a way to make a suitcase light is very difficult.

The word group to find is a/an ...

infinitive?

44. Using active voice instead of passive accomplishes all of the following, EXCEPT ...

it uses weaker verbs

45. A verb phrase may include all of the following EXCEPT ...

any adverbs modifying the main verb.

46. A verb tense that shows that an action was finished recently or that an action was completed at an indefinite time in the past is called ...

present perfect

47. What is the CORRECT way to connect the clauses in the following sentence?

Edwin had spent all month training however an emergency had come up that didn't allow him to run the marathon.

training; however,

48. What question(s) do adjectives answer?

ALL OF THE ABOVE

49. When is it acceptable to use fragments?

All of the above are acceptable.

59. Which of the following illustrate(s) the acceptable use of a sentence fragment?

All of the above illustrate acceptable uses of fragments.

60. Which of the following is an example of the CORRECT use of coordinate adjectives?

Above us, the dark, rustling, fragrant, ageless trees stretched their canopy.

61. Which of the following is NOT a clause?

Pick the one that is not a

SENTENCE

62. Which of the following is NOT a correct was to punctuate a compound sentence?

I looked up, and saw the bear in the tree and I worried for its safety.

63. Which of the following is NOT a form of a linking verb?

Hear

64. Which of the following is NOT a function of a noun?

MODIFIER

65. Which of the following is NOT an example of a gerund?

??? not sure NOT Playing Scrabble after Thanksgiving dinner was a family custom.

66. Which of the following is NOT a present participle?

darling

67. Which of the following is NOT a term by which nouns are classified?

Syntactic

68. Which of the following is NOT a type of verb used in

Standard American English?

???? (NOT PRIMARY

AUXILIARY VERB)

69. Which of the following is NOT a verb tense in Standard American English?

Plural tense

70. Which of the following is NOT a way to correct a fused sentence?

Adding an en-dash.

71. Which of the following sentences contains a correlative conjunction?

Neither peanut butter nor jelly tastes as good individually as they do together.

72. Which of the following sentences contains an action verb?

The cow jumped over the moon.

73. Which of the following sentences contains an infinitive?

Grudgingly, she admitted that she would prefer to go with us.

74. Which of the following sentences contains a noun clause?

Please, whoever is interested should attend the informational meeting.

51. Which of the following can serve as adjectives within sentences?

Relative clauses, individual words, participle phrases, and prepositional phrases

52. Which of the following contains an example of a comma splice?

Comma splices are similar to run-on sentences because they also incorrectly connect independent clauses. A comma splice occurs when two independent clauses are connected with only a comma.

EX: I went to the store, I bought milk.

53. Which of the following contains an example of a sentence fragment?

Then we saw Pete. Running down the road as fast as he could.

54. Which of the following demonstrates CORRECT usage of Standard American English?

If you have 15 items or fewer, you may use this checkout lane.

55. Which of the following demonstrates the CORRECT use of the colon?

The car's trunk was large enough for everything: rackets, golf clubs, fishing tackle, suitcases, towels, lax sticks, and sleeping bags.

56. Which of the following does NOT include a descriptive adjective?

Harvey the cat sat high in the branches waiting for the bird to return to its nest.

57. Which of the following does NOT provide an example of a dangling modifier?

NOT. Tail drooping almost to the floor, Benito concluded that his dog was depressed. Concerned about a strange noise coming from under the hood, the bus became to look more reliable than a car.

  1. Which is the most All of the above are equally acceptable. 58. Which of the following Stop it! acceptable was illustrates a complete to correct the sentence? following fused sentence?

It was close to fall the trees were losing their leaves.

87. Which of the following sentences shows CORRECT parallel structure?

He found acting in the theatre more inspiring than acting in the movies.

88. Which of the following sentences uses quantifiers CORRECTLY?

NOT ALL OF THE ABOVE

Not there were less students taking the course this year than last.

89. Which of the following shows CORRECT pronoun-antecedent agreement?

Each of these suggestions must be taken only for what it is worth.

90. Which of the following shows CORRECT subject-verb agreement?

Everybody living in these states pays a state income tax

91. Which of the following uses of interjections is

INCORRECT?

None of the above is incorrect.

92. Which of the following verb phrases is in a perfect tense?

has balanced?

93. Which of the options acceptably completes the following sentence?

The International Club, in addition to the Choral

Society and the Rowing

Club, ____________ to submit a new constitution.

NEEDS

94. Which one of the following demonstrates CORRECT use of pronoun case?

After weighing both athletes, we found that Jared weighed more than he.

95. Which one of the following sentences illustrates CORRECT pronoun usage?

Not Marcus gave the tickets to Helena and I. OR One of the players injured their ankle during the first round of playoffs. OR Who will you be going to for advice?

96. Which one of the following sentences is

CORRECTLY punctuated?

Marcel, who wasn't sure if she wanted to stay, decided to call a cab.

76. Which of the following sentences

demonstrates CORRECT

modification?

After guiding raft tours all day, Josh had little energy for nightlife.

77. Which of the following sentences

demonstrates CORRECT

modification?

The coach said she would make no substitutions while the game was in progress.

78. Which of the following sentences demonstrates CORRECT use of the apostrophe?

My boss's job at the bank was eliminated due to budget cuts.

79. Which of the following sentences demonstrates

CORRECT use of

"who" and "whom"?

NOT: Who do you know from Imperial, PA?

The troops are ready for whomever might attack.

80. Which of the following sentences does NOT contain an adverb?

NOT Sorry, John, but you really need a haircut.

I am starving--positively famished!

81. Which of the following sentences does NOT contain an example of an irregular verb?

She had walked off the pier without looking.

82. Which of the following sentences illustrates CORRECT usage?

I would've done it sooner, but there weren't any envelopes left.

83. Which of the following sentences illustrates proper subject-verb agreement?

NOT: Theo or several of the others is able to do the job well. Every flower and vegetable plant in the garden were purchased at a local garden center.

84. Which of the following sentences includes a direct object?

For the team dinner, I prepared chicken wings.

85. Which of the following sentences includes an indirect object?

The blizzard brought us an unexpected vacation.

  1. Which of the Because Elaine looked so good at 86. Which of the following If Alexandra was here, we would following sentences the wedding, her sister was piqued sentences is have already finished this project. contains at least one by jealousy. INCORRECT? adverb clause?
  2. Which option correctly completes the following sentence? costs

Every additional ice cube, piece of lettuce, and extra napkin ____________ an additional 25 cents at Benjy's Grill.

98. Will felt free to ask Antonio for a ride into the city because he had recently done a favor for him.

Identify the problem with the preceding sentence.

"He" and "him" have unclear antecedents.

99. A word like "very" or "really" that modifies a verb is called a/an .

intensifier.

100. A word or word group functions as an adverb if it answers any of the following questions, EXCEPT ..

which