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Linguistics 2100 Exam 1

  1. Between you and me is grammatical. Between you true and I is a hypercorrection that some speakers of English resort to because they were taught it is better to say he and I than me and him.

2. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the characteristics given.

voiced alveolar lateral liquid: []

a)

[l]

b) [ɹ]

c)

[w]

d) [j]

a

3. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the characteristics given. voiced labiodental fricative: []

a) [z]

b)

[m]

c) [f]

d) [v]

d

  1. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the B characteristics given. voiced post-alveolar affricate: []
  1. [s]
  2. [dʒ]
  3. [tʃ]

  4. d)

    [ʃ]
  1. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the C characteristics given. voiced post-alveolar fricative: []

a)

[j]

  1. b) [ʃ] c) [ʒ]
  2. d) [dʒ]
  1. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the a 11. Give the conventional spelling for the following ridge characteristics given. phonetically transcribed word:

voiced velar nasal (stop): [] Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck a. [ŋ]

7. Choose the correct IPA symbol according to the characteristics given. voiceless glottal fricative: []

[k]

[h]

[ʔ]

[g]

B

8. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[kɹud]

crude

9. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[liʒɹˌ] (Note the syllabic ɹ)

liesure

10. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[ɹitʃ]

reach

[ɹɪdʒ] b. [m]

  1. [n]
  2. [g]
  3. How do you transcribe, booth, in IPA? a 23. Select the characteristics (there are 3) labiodental, of the following IPA symbol: voiceless,

Question options: fricative

[f] a)

[buθ] voiced b)

[booθ] voiceless

  1. c) labiodental

12. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[ɹut]

root

13. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[seɪl]

sail

14. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[sloʊp]

slope

15. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[sɹˌtʃt] (Not the syllabic ɹ)

searched

16. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[sʌni]

sunny

17. Give the conventional spelling for the following phonetically transcribed word:

Note: If you are unsure about the spelling, check it first: English Spellcheck

[wɔɹm]

warm

19. How do you transcribe, catch, in IPA?

Question options:

a)

[kætʃ]

b) [kaʃ]

c)

[cæʃ]

d)

[catch]

a

20. In casual styles of speaking, English speakers frequently end sentences with prepositions; in formal situations this is usually avoided.

true

21. It's me is not ungrammatical. It is just informal

TRUE

22. People who say ain't violate a descriptive rule of English.

False

alveolar

stop

fricative

affricate

  1. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of high, front,

the following vowel sound: unrounded, lax

[ɪ]

24. Select the characteristics (there are 3) of the following IPA symbol:

[ʃ]

voiceless, postaveolar, frictative

25. Select the characteristics (there are 3) of the following IPA symbol:

[z]

voiced, alveolar, fricative

26. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following IPA symbol:

[n]

voiced, alveolar, stop

27. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following IPA symbol:

[ŋ]

voiced, nasal, velar, stop

28. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

[æ]

low, front, unrounded, lax

29. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

[ɛ]

mid, front, unrounded, lax

[bʊð]

dental d)

[baʊθ]

31. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

[u]

high, back, rounded, tense

32. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

[ʊ]

high, back, rounded, lax

33. Select the characteristics (there are 4) of the following vowel sound:

[ʌ]

mid, central, unrounded, lax

34. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: batch

[bætʃ]

[bɑtʃ]

[bæʃ]

[baθ]

a

35. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: cough

[kɑf]

[cof]

[kælf]

[kɑph]

a

  1. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following a word: crowd

[kɹɑʊd]

[cɹɑʊd]

[kɹoʊd]

[kɹud]

37. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: easy

[izi]

[ezi]

[ɪzɪ]

[isi]

a

38. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: prays

[pɹɛs]

[pɹɑɪs]

[pɹeɪz]

[pɹɪz]

c

  1. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following a 43. What English consonant is being described: a word: voiceless labiodental fricative

touch

Question options:

[tʌtʃ] a)

[f]

[tutʃ]

b)

[b]

[tʌch]

c)

[toutʃ] [v]

40. Select the correct IPA transcription of the following word: vision

[vɪʒɪn]

[vizin]

[vɪtʃɪn]

[vidʒɪn]

a

41. The sentence My mother liked is descriptively grammatical

false

42. What English consonant is being described: voiced interdental fricative

Question options:

a) [z]

b) [θ]

c) [ð]

d) [ʒ]

c

d)

[m]

  1. What English consonant is being described: b

voiceless post-alveolar fricative

Question options:

  1. a) [s]

b)

[ʃ]

  1. [f]
  2. [ʒ]
  1. What English vowel is being described: a

high back tense rounded

Question options:

  1. a) [u]

b)

[i]

  1. c) [o]

d)

[ʊ]

  1. What English vowel is being described: a

low front lax unrounded

Question options:

a)

[æ]

  1. [ə]
  2. [ɛ]

  • [a]
  1. What English vowel is being described: d

mid back lax rounded

Question options:

  1. [u]
  2. [ɑ]
  3. [ɛ]

  • [ɔ]
  1. What English word is transcribed here in IPA: a

[dɪtʃ]

Question options:

  1. ditch
  2. dish
  3. ditz
  4. dice
  1. What English word is transcribed here in IPA: a

[kɹʌm]

Question options:

a)

crumb

b)

cram

c)

groom

d)

crown

50. What vowel is described below:

high front tense unrounded

I

51. What vowel is described below:

low back lax unrounded

ɑ

52. What vowel is described below:

mid back lax rounded

ɔ

53. What vowel is described below:

mid front lax unrounded

ɛ

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