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# Current Mirror Ratio Increase Step by step Solution with Explanation

Now, draw the AC small signal model for this same circuit in Figure 1 and find an algebraic expression for the input resistance, Rin, including the effect of V.4. Evaluate the value of Rin using the parameters given in part 1(a) and considering V₁ = 100 V1.

# Current Mirror Ratio Increase Answers and Explanation

Mirror Ratio Calculation and Explanation

1. Equal Base-Emitter Voltages: Due to the close connection between their bases, the base-emitter voltages (V_BE) of Q1 and Q2 are approximately equal.

BJT Current Equation:

• A_E: Emitter area

• V_BE: Base-emitter voltage

• BJT current equation for Q2: Ic2 = I_S2 * A_E2 * exp(V_BE2 / V_T) ≈ I_o (where I_S2 is the saturation current of Q2 and I_o is the output current)

Since V_BE1 ≈ V_BE2 (assumption 2), we can equate the exponential terms of the BJT equations for Q1 and Q2:

Explanation:

The mirror ratio (MR) depends on the ratio of the emitter areas (A_E1 and A_E2) and the saturation currents (I_S1 and I_S2) of the transistors. Ideally, the saturation currents should be equal for matched transistors. In this case, the mirror ratio simplifies to:

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