Descriptive Essay Help

A descriptive essay is written to explain a subject through an in-depth, specified and sensory inspection. It includes a powerful use of words and all the human senses brought together to understand a bring the attention of the reader into the subject. Through a descriptive essay, one can sketch out the details about a person, place, an observable fact, memory, experience or a thing in the reader’s mind.

Often, a specific purpose is required to write a descriptive essay, so as to explain specific details about the subject. for example, if a person selects to write about the Milky Way galaxy, there are ample number of things that can be talked about, such as the birth of the galaxy, about the planets, comparison with other galaxies etc. out of these, is it later decided that the birth of the galaxy interests him the most, thus it becomes the subject.

To write a descriptive essay which perfectly creates an exact image of the subject in the reader’s mind, there are some important steps which are listed below.

1. Brainstorm well to select your subject

The more you grind your brain to think of a topic, the better the ideas will come up for you. Out of all those, pick the one which you feel you can describe really well. A great subject picked out from the rest may sound well, but if you are unable to explain would not make much impression. Whereas a simple topic with a thorough description can surely make your grades better! Thus, remember that it is the description which matters more, rather than what you describe.

2. Put together the sensory details about the subject

Once you have zeroed down on the topic, make a list of all the details in terms of the human senses and put them under five categories, i.e. sound, sight, taste, smell and touch. For example, consider that you have chosen to write about your salsa classes which you recently joined, there are various experiences through which one goes during the dance style. Under the categories specified, you can go as follows:

Touch: Holding the partner’s hand, swirling around your partner when he released you out of his arms, firmly holding hands while making a move together, the texture of the wooden floor etc.

Smell: The lavender room freshener of the studio, your partner’s perfume etc.

Sight: The lights at each corner of the studio, your partner’s face, other couples dancing around you etc.

Taste: Juice that you drink during breaks.

Sound: Beats of the music playing, loud counts of instructor etc.

Once you have made the list, pick out the ones which you are actually going to include in your essay. Not all the details may be worthy to be included. For a better essay, include the features which can be described well.

3. Draft an outline

One of the most crucial tasks before beginning to write is planning an outline. Divide your essay into three parts as follows:


Begin your essay with an attractive line which relates to your subject and one that draws your readers’ attention. The introduction is the part where readers would get to know about your subject. Thus, give a brief about the subject and what draws your interest into it. A good introduction makes to the readers read further. Thus, choose the words you write wisely.


It is here that the content of the subject should be discussed. Follow the given guidelines which will definitely help you in writing an essay that impresses everyone.

a) Include use of adjectives

As stated earlier, the descriptive essay is all about how well you describe a subject. A good use of adjectives can surely help you in your work. Put together all the qualities which you have to describe your subject and find relevant adjectives that add to their meaning.

b) Metaphors, personification and similes

A metaphor is a figure of speech used to describe a word or a phrase about which it is not factually applicable. A great tool to add depth to your description, it can be used to illustrate what you think about the topic, rather than just about how you feel. For example, to explain your memory of the salsa with your partner in a better way, you may write like, “Swirling around him like the wind.”

Personification is another crucial figure of speech which describes the characteristics or behavior of a nonhuman object in a human form. It helps you in describing an object as if it was human. For example, one could describe the mirrors of the dance studio as, “Eyes reflecting the world around them, yet capturing everything they show.”

Using simile can add a good meaning to your words too. A simile is a figure of speech which compares the features of one thing with another of a different kind. It often helps to express the characteristics of a subject better, whether living or nonliving. Taking the same example of describing the salsa, you can describe the senses of touch as, “Sliding me effortlessly from one arm to another, he made me dance swiftly as a magician.”

See that, just adding a relevant word or a phrase to your interpretation adds so much depth to your ideas!

c. Express your emotions and thoughts about the subject

Apart from telling how you feel about the senses, you experience about the subject, emotions too should be depicted. Think deeply about the topic and collect all the emotions which you feel about it and express them well.

d. A strong conclusion is a must

The last section often leaves the lasting impression on the readers’ minds. A strong conclusion is a must for a successful description essay. Write a note about the overall views you have about your subject and how it impacts your life. Also, the conclusion should be in a positive direction to add further value to the essay. Thus, focus on the positive and inspiring features of your subject for your conclusion.

Descriptive Essay Help

Now that you know how to frame the perfect outline for your essay, follow these easy tricks to write a remarkable description essay about your subject.

1. Divide body further into subtopics

The subtopics which are to be included in your essay are to be planned in the outline too. Each paragraph should discuss one subtopic to maintain clarity of ideas and avoid any confusion. Include the explanations about the senses and examples in the same paragraph about the subtopic.

2. Check and recheck for errors

It is always better if you correct your own errors before someone else points them out. Well, do the same for your description essay too. Once the essay is complete, read it, again and again, to pick out any errors. Look out for the spelling mistakes especially, which is the most common of all mistakes. Grammar should be correct too to interpret your ideas in the way exactly you want to.

3. Do not use too many figures of speech for one depiction

Decorating your essay with figures of speech will surely add depth to your words, but too many figures of speech may simply steal away the essence of it. Do not end up with describing a single sense with multiple figures of speech. It would be too much if you use alliterations, personification and smiles all at once to describe just one emotion or sense, and it may turn out to be meaningless in the end too. Keep it impactful by using one figure of speech to describe one sense or emotion.

4. Frame a strong thesis statement

Included in the introduction itself, a thesis statement is a sentence which states the objective of your description essay. It is a crucial part of the essay as it introduces your subject to the readers and also what you intend to interpret in the essay.

Do not conclude with simply restating your subject.

The conclusion is the part which the readers are most likely to remember later, as it is the last section of writing. Hence, it must be impactful and leave a thoughtful idea in the readers’ mind about the subject. Do not simply state the topic again, which would spoil the entire impression! Talk about how does the subject impact your life, or write a brief note about the emotions and descriptions of the senses, taken as a whole. It is always good to end with an inspiring line too which is relevant to your subject.