Cognitive behavioural therapy is a form of short-range therapy that is practised by the counsellors in psychology. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is rooted in the basic principle that an individual’s cognition plays an important role in the development and maintenance of the emotional and behavioural response to the situations in life. This theory plays a noteworthy role in showing how negative thoughts can influence our emotions and behaviour. The term “Cognitive-behavioural” imitates how both cognitive and behavioural approaches are required to understand and help people. It is a type of talking therapy that can be used to treat people with an extensive series of metal health problems.
Dr. Aaron Beck observed that his various clients had ‘automatic thoughts’- “emotion-filled thoughts that might pop up in mind”. There is a number of thoughts that the client is unaware of and the thoughts tend to influence his mood and behaviour. However, by practise, the client can become aware of the rational and irrational thought and upon identifying the basic difference between the negative and positive thoughts can become able to learn to how to overcome the negative thoughts. “CBT is a based on the theory that is, that it is not about the events that upset us but is about the meanings that we give to them” (Essays in Psychology, 2019; Mcleod, 2019; Prendes, 2019).
(Ekam child development centre, 2019)
There were two forms of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy – Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy (REBT) given by Albert Ellis in 1950s and Cognitive therapy given by Aaron T. Beck in 1960s.
He believed that people are forcefully stick on the irrational ways of thinking, therefore, the implication of emotive techniques can immensely influence their irrational thinking to change (Mcleod, 2019).
Given by Albert Ellis in 1957. The first three steps give an analysis to the process that how the person might have developed irrational thoughts and it can then be recorded.
This step helps to record the objective situation that lead to some type of emotional outbreak or negative thoughts.
This stage lets the client write down the negative thought that occurred because of the event.
This stage is to ensure the negative feelings and dysfunctional behaviour. As the negative feelings of the second stage were seen to work as a bridge between the situation and distressing feelings. This stage is hence explained by relating emotions or negative thoughts that were caused by stage A. This may include anger, sorrow or anxiety, etc.
According to Ellis, the negative emotions or the behavioural consequences (C) are not the resultants of stage A but rather, how the client interprets those events based on his irrational belief system which helps him to reach to the stage C.
For Example: -
(Lumen Learning-Introduction to psychology, 2019)
Dr. Ellis later modified the technique and added three more steps i.e. Disputing (D); New Effect (E) and Further Action (F). Once the client becomes efficient to overcome A, B and C then he can move forward and tests his ‘Beliefs’ through ‘Disputing’. Then, they can also choose to how they to prefer what they feel or mold their behaviour which accounts for the New Effect and finally accordingly he could plan how to develop Further Action in order avoid a relapse (Mcleod, 2019).
e.g.: - Thinking that you are worthless because you could not make it go to an open-air concert.
e.g.: - You feel responsible for loosing a dance competition when even though you are just one of the members of the team.
e.g.: - If you scrape a bit of your paintwork and assume yourself as an awful driver.
e.g.: - If you get praised of your work but you still assume yourself as the minor.
e.g.: - When you get low marks once and thinks yourself as the most idiotic person on this earth.
e.g.: - The teacher got disheartened because of my lesser grades (Mcleod, 2019).
Differences between REBT and Cognitive Therapy: -
Strengths of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: -
Limitations of the Cognitive Behavioural Model: -
Anon, (2019). Cognitive Distortion. [online] Available at https://www.academia.edu/266193/Cognitive_Science_of_LAW_An_Introduction_ppt-pdf_1.5M_text_in_Korean_ [Accessed 17 Jul. 2019].
Ekam child development centre. (2019). Cognitive Behavior Therapy | Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a psycho-social intervention that aims to improve mental health. CBT focuses on challenging and changing unhelpful cognitive distortions and behaviors, improving emotional regulation, and the development of personal coping strategies that target solving current problems. Originally, it was designed to treat depression, but its use has been expanded to include treatment of a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety. | Ekam child development centre. [online] Available at https://ekamchilddevelopmentcentre.advertroindia.co.in/viewproduct.php?id=28387 [Accessed 17 Jul. 2019].
Lumen Learning-Introduction to psychology. (2019). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. [online] Available at https://courses.lumenlearning.com/wmopen-psychology/chapter/cognitive-therapy/ [Accessed 17 Jul. 2019].
Mcleod, S. (2019). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy | CBT | Simply Psychology. [online] Simplypsychology.org. Available at: https://www.simplypsychology.org/cognitive-therapy.html [Accessed 17 Jul. 2019].
Prendes, A. (2019). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. [online] Sagepub.com. Available at: https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/40689_2.pdf [Accessed 17 Jul. 2019].
UKEssays.com. (2019). Cognitive Behavioral Theory. [online] Available at https://www.ukessays.com/essays/psychology/the-cognitive-behavioral-theory-psychology-essay.php#cite [Accessed 17 Jul. 2019].
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