HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems | Australian University Assignment

Assessment – answer all questions

1. Answer the following questions

I. The auditory nerve is associated with the:

  1. Eye
  2. Skin
  3. Ear
  4. Nose

II. The olfactory nerve is associated with

  1. Eye
  2. Skin
  3. Ear
  4. Nose

III. The optic nerve is associated with:

  1. Eye
  2. Skin
  3. Ear
  4. Nose

IV. The pituitary gland is located in the:

  1. Eye
  2. Throat
  3. Brain
  4. Foot

V. Adrenaline is secreted from ... :

  1. Salivary glands
  2. Adrenal glands
  3. Brain
  4. Heart

VI. Which hormone increases blood glucose levels?

  1. Testosterone
  2. Adrenaline
  3. Glucagon
  4. Oestrogen

VII. What gas is a waste product of respiration?

  1. Methane
  2. Carbon Dioxide
  3. Oxygen
  4. Helium

2. Match the definition to the word.

a) MouthFood undergoes chemical and mechanical digestion
b) StomachExternally visible part of the oral canal
c) ColonExtracts salt and water from solid wastes before they are excreted from the body.
d) CaecumMarks the beginning of the large intestine
e) DuodenumLocated at the junction of the stomach and the small intestine
f) IleumFinal portion of the small intestine, leads into the large intestine

3. Answer the following questions.

I. Which organ system consists of skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands?

  1. a. Endocrine
  2. b. Integumentary
  3. c. Respiratory
  4. d. Lymphatic

II. The function of the ventricles is to:

  1. Pump blood
  2. Collect blood
  3. Transport blood

III. Arteries carry blood:

  1. To the heart
  2. Away from the heart
  3. From the brain

IV. The skeleton protects:

  1. Joints
  2. Vital organs
  3. Muscles

V. What type of muscle is the intestine:

  1. Voluntary
  2. Involuntary

VI. An organ is a specialized group of tissues that performs a particular function

  1. True
  2. False

4. Answer the following questions.

HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems Image 1

a) What type of vertebrae are number 5?

  1. Cervical
  2. Lumbar
  3. Sacral
  4. Thoracic

b) What type of vertebrae are number 9?

  1. Cervical
  2. Lumbar
  3. Sacral
  4. Coccygeal

c) What type of vertebrae are number 6?

  1. Cervical
  2. Lumbar
  3. Sacral
  4. Thoracic

d) What type of vertebrae are number 7?

  1. Coccygeal
  2. Lumbar
  3. Sacral
  4. Thoracic

5. What are the three main types of blood cells?

6. Match the structure to the correct


Various Primary roles

Correct Primary role

Muscle tissue

a. Helps defend the body against disease

GI system

b. Basic unit of body structure and the body’s building blocks


c. Performs the process of digestion and absorption of nutrients and elimination of waste

Endocrine system

d. Assists in regulation of body fluids and eliminates waste products


Cardiovascular system

e. Receives and conducts electro-chemical impulses

Nervous tissue

f. Also known as the circulatory system it transports blood, chemicals and nutrients around the body

Respiratory system

g. Aids movement through the ability to contract

Urinary system

h. a system of glands that secretes hormones

Lymphatic tissue

i. performs gas exchange, allowing uptake of oxygen and elimination of carbon dioxide

7. In the diagram of the digestive system below fill in the following terms: oesophagus, pancreas, rectum, mouth, liver, large intestine, anus, gall bladder, stomach, small intestine, appendix

HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems Image 2

8. In the diagram of the urinary system below fill in the following terms: Bladder, Kidney, Ureter, Urethra

HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems Image 3

9. In the diagram of the lungs below fill in the following terms:

trachea (windpipe), cardiac notch, diaphragm, larynx, right superior lobe, left superior lobe, right inferior lobe, right middle lobe, bronchial tree, left inferior lobe.

HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems Image 4

10. In the diagram of the eye below fill in the following terms:

Aqueous Humor, Lens, Pupil, Cornea, Iris, Vitreous Humor, Retina, Optic Nerve

HLTAAP001 Recognise healthy body systems Image 5

11. Complete the table below about the interrelations between two different body systems. The first one has been done for you.

Body system and function

Body system



The cardiovascular system is responsible for transporting nutrients, oxygen, and hormones to cells throughout the body. It works in conjunction with the respiratory system to help move oxygen throughout the body.


The cardiovascular system controls sweat production.

Musculoskeletal system

The basic function of the musculoskeletal system is to protect and support the internal structures and organs of the body



The endocrine system is a series of glands throughout the body that secrete chemicals (hormones) into the bloodstream; hormones, in turn, affect body functions.



The function of the digestive system is digestion and absorption. Digestion is the breakdown of food into small molecules, which are then absorbed into the body.


12. Answer True or False

Dehydration occurs when more water and fluids are leaving than entering the body and can lead to headaches and lethargy.

True or False

Electrolytes balance in our bodies is NOT essential for normal function of our cells and our organs.

True or False

High blood Pressure is also known as Hypotension

True or False

13. Make a list of the (7) things that should be considered in terms of the maintenance of a healthy body.

14. Answer True or False.

A person’s physical health CAN influence their state of mind

True or False

People who are unwell or experiencing poor health, CAN experience mental illness.

True or False

15. Answer True or False.

A health worker understands the basic fundamentals of maintaining a healthy body so they can recognise poor health in their client

True or False

Simple changes in such as different food, exercise, dehydration or stress can be recognised by the health worker

True or False

16. Complete the table below with information about the function of each of the special senses.

Special sense







17. Give six (6) examples of disorders/disease that may affect the nervous system

18. Give four (4) examples of disorders/disease that may affect the respiratory system

19. What is osteoporosis and how common is it?

20. What is colorectal cancer?

21. Complete the table below by providing an example of each.






22. Describe (3) three ways that you can protect against the spread of infections.

23. Case Study 1

Read the following case study and answer the question.

Mrs Wheeler is an active 60 year old woman who has moved in to a hostel unit in an aged care facility due to extreme arthritis in both her knees. Lively and articulate, she expresses her concern about the impact this situation will have on her life.

Mobility problems can be debilitating for a person with a disability and lead to secondary problems such as respiratory diseases, osteoporosis and chronic constipation. Mobility issues may also impact on social functioning leading to increasing dependence on formal supports, and further restrictions on accessing facilities and activities available in the community.

  1. What body system(s) does her condition mainly affect?
  2. What signs and symptoms result from this?
  3. Describe two (2) secondary social problems that may result in this condition.
  4. What lifestyle change or modifications would Mrs Wheeler benefit from?
  5. What is your role in supporting the individual with these changes?

24. Case Study 2

Read the following case study and answer the question.

Joe has suffered bruising on his leg as a result of a workplace accident. He does not leave the house and spends a lot of time reflecting on the accident.

  1. What body systems e.g. circulatory, nervous, respiratory, are involved?
  2. How can this impact on other body systems in Joe? (minimum 50 words)
  3. If you were Joe’s support worker explain in detail how could you assist him? (minimum 75 words)

25. Case Study 3

Read the following case study and answer the question.

Franco is a support worker for ‘Assist Home Care’. He visits Mrs Hoskings twice a week to assist with basic household tasks. Mrs Hoskings complains of the following:

  • Constant colds
  • Muscle weakness
  • Bone pain

She states that this has resulted in her becoming more house-bound

  1. List the systems that are contributing to Mrs Hosking’s health problem
  2. What would you do as Mrs Hosking’s support worker (minimum 75 words)
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