Asthma Assignment Help
What is Asthma?
This is one of the most common diseases that is affecting almost 300 million people. Asthma is a chronic disease which affects the airway of the lungs. Bronchial are the tubes which carry the air in and out of the lung, when suffering from asthma these tubes get swollen or inflamed which causes breathing difficulty and wheezing, due to swelling airways produce thick sticky secretion( mucus) and also tightens the muscles, with creates a very narrow airway which creates lots of difficulty in get the air in and out of the lung.
Symptoms of asthma
It is very important to recognize the symptoms and signs of asthma as it can be helpful for the treatment. Early signs can help in getting the early treatment which is the most effective. Every symptom varies from individual to individual, as some people have symptoms at only certain times like when they are laughing or when they exercising and some may feel the symptoms all the time.
Early symptoms of asthma
These are the symptoms which can be seen just before the starting of asthma or when the asthma is a very early stage. Early symptoms do not hamper day to day activities as they are not severe enough to stop your daily activities, early sign when treated early can stop the asthma attack or can reduce the severity of the attack. That is why it is very important to recognize the signs they are:
- Cough: frequently suffering from cough and especially in a night where it gets worse.
- Shortness of breath: when there is a loss of breath or shortness of breath when you are talking, laughing or when you are walking.
- Feeling extremely tired: feeling exhausted or drained after exercise.
- Sudden change in the mood: there is a sudden change in the mood, getting upset over small things or feeling irritated.
- Chest pain: another symptom of asthma is chest pain or tightness around the chest.
- Whistling sound: people experience whistle sound when exhaling this is also one of the common symptoms of asthma (very common in case of children)
- Headache: due to lack of oxygen the person may experience a headache due to this.
- Trouble sleeping: due to difficulty in breathing and wheezing it can make it difficult to sleep.
Severe symptoms of asthma
These are the symptoms which are life-threatening and should be taken as an emergency.it is very important to recognize these signs as they are very dangerous and can hamper day to day activities. The symptoms are:
- Severe coughing: when there are severe coughing and wheezing
- Difficulty in talking: when there is a difficulty when you talking or feeling difficulty in concentration.
- Shortness of breath: a person may feel a loss of breath or shortness of breath when walking or exercise.
- Fingerprints or lips may turn blue or grey: people with severe asthma experience fingerprints or lips blue or grey due to lack of oxygen, in this case, this should be treated as an emergency.
- Change in posture: severe asthma can change the posture like the hunched shoulder.
- Nasal flaring: nasal size also increases with breathing.
Every symptom should be properly recognized and should be carefully analysed so that treatment can be started as soon as possible.
Causes of asthma
There are many reasons which can cause asthma it can be genetic or it can be the person’s environment. Sometimes there is not any specific which may trigger asthma, it can pass on from the parents through there genes or you may have no history about asthma in your family.
Triggers of asthma
- allergy: allergy can also trigger asthma as an allergy can cause wheezing, sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes. If the lungs are extremely irritated due to allergy can cause an asthma attack.
- Smoking: it has been found in studies that people who smoke are more likely to get asthma, it can make asthma symptoms worse like coughing and difficulty in breathing.
- Respiratory infections: frequent infection like sinus or lung infection can cause asthma, these are a very common cause for asthma as any infection for longer duration can cause shortness of breath.
- Irritants: irritants can also cause asthma or trigger asthma, some of them are:
- Environment factors like air pollution, molds and dust, change in temperature, etc.
- Strong orders like paint, hair spray and perfumes
- Sulfites in food
- Obesity: some of the researchers has link obesity and asthma together. According to them, it is also one of the causes.
Coping with asthma
It is very important to know about the techniques to cope with asthma in case of emergency. These are some of the ways to handle the asthma attack:
- Should always have inhaler: if a person is suffering from severe asthma than in that case, the person should carry the inhaler all the time so that in the case of emergency it can give instant relief.
- Identify the potential trigger: another way to cope with the asthma attack is to identify the triggers which can cause the asthma attack such as dust and molds, air pollution and sulfur in food
- Keeping the indoor environment clean: it is impossible to remove every trigger from the indoor but it can be reduced by removing the old carpets, changing the filters, pest control and by using clean bedding.
- Keep a healthy weight: it is also one of the ways to cope with the attack is by keeping the healthy weight which can be achieved by maintaining a healthy diet and healthy eating habits.
- Follow the asthma action plan: this is also one of the effective ways to cope up with the asthma attack as this action plan is written with the guidance of doctor and health care team, which guides the person about the medication and managing the severe attack.
- Get vaccination on time: proper vaccination can prevent flu and pneumonia which can trigger the asthma attack, that is why as a preventive step the person should take vaccination on time.
- Meditation: meditation is also on of the way to prevent the asthma attack as meditation helps in breathing and also increases the oxygen level, that is why meditation is considered as one of the effective ways especially in the long run.
- Stay calm: in case of the severe asthma attack try to remain calm as it will only worsen the situation if handled this situation in panic and will also lead loss of breath so in this type of situation staying calm is the only key.
When to consult the doctor
- when you think you are suffering from asthma: if you think you are suffering from frequent wheezing and sneezing or any other symptoms of asthma then it is the right time to visit the doctors as early treatment can prevent long term damages.
- If your asthma is getting worse day by day: contact the doctor immediately if the medicine is also not able to ease your pain in that case, it should be considered as an emergency case and should be taken care of as severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening.
- When you want to review your treatment: asthma change over time that is why it is very important to review the treatment regularly.
- When there is no improvement from inhalers: even after taking help of the inhaler you are not able to get an instant relief than in that case you should visit the doctors.
Asthma can be a very severe disease if not treated properly as it has an overall impact on daily activities, that is why we should recognize every symptom on time so that all the treatment can be taken on time which can stop the asthma attack or it can reduce the severity.