Motherboard is such type of a physical arrangement that contains computer’s basic components is called motherboard. The most common motherboard design in desktop computer is AT. Computer components include in motherboard are: Multiprocessor, Memory, BIOS (basic input/output systems), Interconnected circuitry, Expansion slot, RAM ,ROM.
Interface between the motherboard and the smaller boards is called bus. All the smaller boards which usually having sockets is also known as daughter boards.
It is one of the essential part which hold all the crucial components and act as a central backbone of computer. We can say it a platform on which various expansion slots are available to install other devices. Responsible for distribute power to the various components of computer as well as coordinate with the other devices and maintain interface between them. There are some of the sizes in which motherboards are available: BTX, ATX, mini-ATX, micro-ATX, mini-ITX etc.
Design of the motherboard provide an electrical connection by which the other components of the system communicate. If we talk about a desktop computer it has its microprocessor, main memory, and other essential components. There are some components that are connected via cables to motherboard they are: Controllers for video display and sound but now in modern computers it is necessary to integrate peripherals device in motherboard itself. Chipset is one of the important supporting component which provides interface between the CPU and the various buses and external components.
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