# Data Science Assignment Help

## What is Data Science?

The science behind the processes and algorithms to extract useful information from a lot of data is known as data science and is sometimes also known as data driven science. Data science can be seen as the art behind finding something useful from a set of data, more like data mining. Data science covers a variety of fields like mathematics, computer science, programming, and many more because the work done in data science is a collective of all these things. To work as a data scientist, one needs to have excellent programming knowledge and also understand how data is transferred and collected. The more one has the knowledge of structured and unstructured data types, one could have better knowledge about the field. The data science is at its peak right now with more and more people trying to get into this industry because of the huge potential it has and also the fact that only a few number of people are only present who have actual knowledge of how all this works and hence there is always a shortage of people working in this industry. Most of the people relate data mining to cryptocurrency and try to avoid this field due to lack of knowledge or maybe some sort of fear but let me assure you that it is completely out of the bitcoin thing and can make you reach new heights in your career.

The history of the word data science falls back to 30 years ago in the year 1960 and was first used by Mr. Peter Noir as a substitute to the word computer science. In the year 1996 was the first time when a conference had a title of data science. The international council for technology is a community based on data science, the technology and the work done in the field. They are commonly known for starting the journal which revolves around the issues regarding the representation of the data and how everything in this field works. Later the field of interest of the journal was shifted to more of the statistical methods used in this area of work. The jobs in the field of data science have been nominated as the most desired jobs of the decade because of the high amount of compensation one gets for the work done and the projects for the same are known to be very tricky because there is no fixed rule in this area and everything is done for the very first time because each and every problem is different and needs to be tackled in specific ways. The jobs have been also placed number one on the list of the best jobs in the technical world. The elemental work of the person in this field is to optimise exorbitant amount of data in order to serve their clients in an exceptional way. No doubt that the competition in the area is increasing because people are now getting aware of the fact that data science will eventually kill their job and more and more number of people are applying for the same job. If you are one of those people who are wishing to switch their career or have decided to start a new career in the field of data science and feel that there is a very less chance that you will get the job but anyhow you want to procure a marvellous offer in the field of data analytics, you must be prepared with the most perplexing questions that can be catechised in the interview this is being told, very clearly because most of the people are able to clear the aptitude and general reasoning rounds but since data science is still a new thing in the market for many, people are not able to clear the technical questions round.

*To help you secure a better job, here are some of the most incessant questions asked for the jobs pertinent to data science.*

**State the variation between data mining and data analysis?****Answer**: It can be seen that data mining has more of a scientific approach which is backed up by a lot of mathematic and algorithms to get a conclusion for any approach whereas data analysis is more taken into into account by the people of the management side because they have lots and lots of data that needs to be managed and segregated according to the needs.**Demonstrate a quintessential example of data analysis.****Answer**: Targeted advertising and re-target a prospective client is one of the most prominent use of data analysis based on the persons search in the search engine. Everything a person searches on the internet is stored in the form of data and is analysed by the servers and algorithms made by data scientist and then they send the list of probable clients to the marketing team so that they could approach the client in a more effective manner. This not only decreases the work to find the potential clients but also makes the organisation aware of how much they are in demand by the number of times they are being searched.**Is there any difference between data profiling and data mining?****Answer**: Data profiling is more like scanning of the data for the purpose of mining useful information from the same. It can be said that data profiling is a step that is done before the step of data ming where the quality of the data is accessed and it is checked if the data would be of any use and only then it is sent for the analysis and applied with various algorithms.- Why is it advised to define time period in advance while training a data model?
- What do we refer to while talking about data cleansing?
- What is the best way to handle a predictive model?
- Explain some persistent problems that are faced during analysis.
- How many steps are required to properly validate data? explain them.
- How is a classification created in order to determine an outstanding customer?
- On what basis can we come to a conclusion that a model is good enough?
- If a new project is assigned to you, what steps will you undertake first?
- Name some commonly used data analysing tools.
- When should one think of choosing a simple model over a complex one?
- Have you used SAS? Share your experience.
- What should be the approach for a cost reduction algorithm?
- What is the procedure to find the nth number from last in a single linked list?
- Differentiate between AI and ML
- Which programming language is preferred in the field of data science? python or R?
- What is the first thing that comes to your mind while talking about logistic regression?
- What are the different kind of analysis?
- Basic difference between univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis.
- Difference between interpolation and extrapolation.
- What is meant by K-means?
- What is filtering? Explain collaborative filtering.
- What is the significance of P-value in the field of data science?
- How does the local minima affect the gradient descent?
- What is box-cox transformation?
- What are the ways to optimise numerical code?
- Write down the steps to calculate Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a matrix.
- Explain Gradient descent.
- What is the use of Enumerate function?
- What are the necessary steps to be taken if some missing values have been encountered?
- Can Machine Learning be applied to analyse the time series?
- Write down the differences between BEM and MLE.
- How big of a problem is dimensionality?
- Differences between squared error and absolute error.
- What is the criteria to decide the fitting of a linear regression model being able to fit the data?
- What is confidence interval?
- How is a confidence interval interpreted?
- Write the steps needed to take care of overfitting.
- What are wide data formats and tall data formats?
- What is the basic principle on which plagiarism detection algorithms are based?
- How to develop a plagiarism detection Algorithm?
- What is a cluster?
- What point is a false negative?
- Which language is used for Fuzzy merging?
- Where is the best use of Recall and Precision function?
- What are L1 regularisations?
- How to tackle the problem of Seasonality?
- Why is it so important to randomise?
- Where can a false negative be more important than a false positive?
- What is a gold standard dataset?
- How to calculate the power of sensitivity?
- What is a selection bias?
- What are the benefits of Ridge regression?
- What is the difference between long and wide data format?
- What is meant when talking about outlines and inline?
- Do we need to make any assumptions before linear regression?
- What is meant by R-Square? How to calculate the same?
- What is a support vector machine learning algorithm?
- How many times in a day does the hands of the clock overlap?
- What is meant by central limit theorem?
- Which the machine learning algorithm you use the most?
- What kind of data is considered important for business requirement?
- What is the uniqueness that can be added by you in our team?
- What motivated you to look for a career in Data science?
- What is parallelism and how does it help our algorithms?
- Is more data always a better thing?
- Explain a data science project cycle?
- How do you calculate the total number of clusters?
- What are your views on Naïve Bayes?
- What is multicollinearity? How to overcome the same?
- What is a Box-Cox transformation regression model?
- How can a list be iterated?
- How to start tackling a data problem? Do we first understand the business operation or do we get familiar with the data?