The area between pelvis and the knee is termed as thigh. Thigh has a single bone called femur and is mainly covered by five important muscles, namely: Sarsotius muscle, Quadriceps femoris muscle, Adductor longus muscle, Hamstring muscle and femoral triange. Thigh is grouped into three major compartments, called anterior, posterior and medial compartment and all these three compartments are separated by fascia.
Focusing on the main topic of this article, there are five important muscles in the medial compartment of the thigh, namely; gracilis, Pectineus, adductor brevis, adductor longus and adductor magus. These muscles of medial compartment are together called hip adductors that adduct the thigh. Medial compartment of thigh is supplied by obturator nerve L2, 3, 4 and the arterial supply is through obturator artery.
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|MUSCLE||ORIGIN||INSERTION||NERVE SUPPLY||NERVE ROOTS||ACTION|
|GRACILIS||Inferior ramus of pubis, ramus of ischium||Upper part of shaft of tibia on medial surface||Obturator nerve||L2,3||Adducts thigh at hip joints ;flex leg at knee joint|
|Adductor longus||Body of pubis, medial to pubic tubercle||Posterior surface of saft of femur||Obturator nerve||L2,3,4||Adducts thigh at hip joint & assist in lateral rotation|
|Adductor bravis||Inferior ramus of pubis||Posterior surface of saft of femur||Obturator nerve||L2,3,4||Adducts thigh at hip joint & assist in lateral rotation|
|Adductor magnus||Inferior ramus of pubis,ramus of ischium, ischial tuberosity||Posterior surface of saft of femur||Obturator nerve & sciatic nerve||L2,3,4||Adducts thigh at hip joint & assist in lateral rotation|
|Pectineus||Superior ramus of pubis||Upper end of linea aspra of shaft of femur||Femoral nerve||L2,3||Flexes and adducts thigh at hip joint|
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