Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Assignment Help
The DSM, or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders, is an official guideline for the diagnosis of psychological disorder used by clinicians, researchers and psychologists as a reference guide to diagnose psychological disorders. 2 levels of criteria listed in the DSM must be met to confirm the diagnosis. First, the disordered behaviour must originate within the person, and not as a reaction to external factors. Second, the disorder must be involuntary.
The DSM places the individual on 5 separate axes to describe possible mental health factors. Axis I is for disorders that are state dependent. Axis II describes disorders that are trait dependent. Axis III describes current physical conditions, Axis IV describes psychosocial or environmental stressors, and lastly, Axis V is used to discuss the individual’s global assessment of functioning.
Examples of Disorders classified within the DSM include:
- Major Depressive Disorder is a mood disorder defined by symptoms of loss of motivation, decreased mood, lack of energy and thoughts of suicide.
- Bipolar Disorders are mood disorders characterized by depressive and manic episodes of varying lengths and degrees.
- Dysthymia is a mood disorder similar to depression. Characterized by a persistent low mood, Dysthymia is a less debilitating form of depression with no break in ordinary functioning.
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