Write a business report to senior management

Untitled Forums Accounting Capital Budgeting Write a business report to senior management

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    Ayush Nair

    Write a business report to senior management on the significance of two of the following to the function of management accounting. About 300-400 words each report. Use the Internet as a resource. Give examples to illustrate your report. Use screen shots, images or cartoons to enhance your submission. Refer to the earlier section ‘Assessment Information’ for essay/report writing skill resources. The Internet can also be searched for advice on business report structures. (executive summary, table of content, introduction, analysis and conclusion with references)

    A. History of management accounting
    B. Black Swans (Taleb)
    C. Balanced scorecard
    D. Sustainability and the role of the accountant

    john Smith

    Executive Summary

    This business report aims to explore the significance of two important aspects of management accounting: the history of management accounting and the concept of Black Swans as introduced by Nassim Nicholas Taleb. The report delves into the evolution of management accounting practices over time and how they have shaped modern managerial decision-making. Additionally, it examines the impact of Black Swans on management accounting and the need for adaptability in dealing with unexpected events.


    Management accounting plays a crucial role in providing relevant financial information to assist senior management in making informed decisions. It involves analyzing, interpreting, and communicating financial data to support planning, controlling, and decision-making processes within an organization. In this report, we will focus on the significance of the history of management accounting and the concept of Black Swans to its function.


    A. History of Management Accounting

    The history of management accounting dates back to the early 19th century when it primarily focused on cost allocation for determining product profitability. Over time, it evolved to include budgeting, variance analysis, and performance measurement, transforming into a strategic tool for management. Understanding the history is essential to grasp the principles that underpin contemporary management accounting practices.

    For example, during the Industrial Revolution, management accounting became crucial for businesses seeking to optimize manufacturing processes and efficiently allocate resources. Figures like Frederick W. Taylor and Henry Ford utilized management accounting principles to improve productivity through concepts like standard costing and time-motion studies.

    B. Black Swans (Taleb)

    The term “Black Swan,” introduced by Nassim Nicholas Taleb, refers to highly improbable events that have a severe impact and are often mistakenly rationalized in hindsight. Black Swans have significant implications for management accounting as they challenge conventional forecasting and risk assessment methods. These unexpected events can lead to disruptions in supply chains, financial losses, and reputational damage.

    For instance, the 2008 global financial crisis was considered a Black Swan event. Many financial institutions had failed to account for the risk associated with complex financial instruments, leading to massive losses. Management accountants must recognize the presence of Black Swans and incorporate scenario-based planning, stress testing, and robust risk management techniques to mitigate their impact.


    The history of management accounting provides valuable insights into the development of essential tools and techniques used in modern business decision-making. Understanding the evolution of management accounting allows organizations to build on past experiences and continuously improve their financial strategies.

    Moreover, the concept of Black Swans highlights the need for adaptability and preparedness in the face of unforeseen events. Management accountants must consider the impact of rare and unpredictable events, integrating flexibility into their financial planning and reporting processes.

    In conclusion, both the history of management accounting and the awareness of Black Swans play vital roles in shaping the function of management accounting. As businesses continue to face various challenges in an ever-changing world, management accountants need to leverage historical knowledge and embrace adaptive strategies to stay resilient and thrive.

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