Aryabhata was an ancient Indian mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer who lived in the late 5th century and early 6th century CE. He is considered one of the greatest mathematicians and astronomers of ancient India and made significant contributions to the fields of mathematics and astronomy.
Not much is known about Aryabhata’s personal life, but his most famous work is the Aryabhatiya, a Sanskrit mathematical and astronomical treatise. It is believed to have been written around 499 CE when he was just 23 years old. The Aryabhatiya consists of 121 verses and covers various topics, including arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry, and astronomy.
Aryabhata’s major contributions include:

Value of π: Aryabhata calculated the value of π (pi) and approximated it to 3.1416, which was remarkably accurate for his time.

Rotation of Earth: Aryabhata proposed that the Earth rotates on its axis and that this rotation causes the apparent movement of celestial bodies in the sky.

Heliocentric Model: He also proposed a heliocentric model of the solar system, where the Earth and other planets orbit the Sun.

Trigonometry: Aryabhata introduced the concept of trigonometric functions and provided trigonometric tables that could be used to calculate the values of sine and cosine for various angles.

Algebra: He made significant contributions to algebra, solving indeterminate equations and giving methods to solve linear and quadratic equations.
Aryabhata’s work had a profound impact on Indian mathematics and astronomy and also influenced later mathematicians and astronomers in India and abroad. His ideas and discoveries laid the groundwork for the development of these fields in the coming centuries. Though the exact details of his life are not welldocumented, his contributions to science and mathematics continue to be celebrated and studied to this day.