Ans. Training is required in order to make the employees competent to perform all the activities in the organization. Training plays a very crucial role in the overall development of the employees, thus making them confident to take up all the tasks in the organization with ease. When the employees are trained their efficiency to complete the work increases which helps in better organizational performance. Different types of training are provided to the employees for their professional development in order to imbibe the skills and knowledge and to enhance their capabilities. On the job training is given to employees in which they are trained by the experts or the seniors working at the top levels whenever the subordinates commit mistakes in their works. Off the job training is given to the employees outside their workplaces. Training helps the employees to cope up with the complexities that arise out of routine functioning of the organization. The training is very effective for the employees as it makes them capable of adapting the changes at a fast pace. It boosts the morale of the employees as their satisfaction increases and also reduces the employee turnover rates.