Ans. Competency mapping is the process in which the abilities and efficiencies of the organization are identified and incorporated into different processes that are taking place in the organization on a day to day basis. The organizations hire the experts, Human Resource specialists, job analysts, and psychologists in order to perform competency mapping for the organization. There arises a need for competency mapping in the organization in order to make the employees focus on the roles that their managers have assigned to them. Competency mapping is also needed in the organization in order to implement proper time management in the organization. Core competency and the competitive edge against the competitors can also be established or maintained through competency mapping. It helps the organizations in increasing awareness among the employees of the organization and also helps them in managing their career. Assistance in the process of the evolution of job is also provided through competency mapping in the organizations. The recruitment and selection processes of the organization can be more structured and objective if the organization performs competency mapping and it leads to the recruitment of a highly competent workforce into the organization. Competency mapping manages the performance of the employees of the organization, different departments that are working in the organization, and also the organization as a whole.