Ans. Employee career planning is the process in which the skills of the employees of the organization are developed according to the needs of the organization for the growth of the employees as well as the organization. It helps the organization to fulfill all the needs of their skilled and qualified employees so that they can be easily retained into the organization. The need for employee career planning arises so that the potential individuals can be attracted towards the organization. Employee career planning provides various opportunities to promote to the higher levels in order to move ahead and grow in their career. The process of employee career planning starts with the proper analysis of the skills, capabilities, and knowledge of the employees. Then the opportunities that are available in the organization that best suits the personality and skills of the individuals are identified. This helps in planning the career for the employees in such a way that they can grow at a fast pace in the organization and the growth of the employees ultimately leads to the growth of the organization as well. This helps in satisfying all the fundamental and esteem needs of the employees which motivates them to the great levels and develops their overall personality.