Forums Science Assignment Help Physics How thermodynamics disprove evolution?

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    kritinidhi
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    How thermodynamics disprove evolution?

    #16437
    kritinidhi
    Member

    Thermodynamics is derived from two Greek words “thermes” meaning heat, and “dynamikos” meaning powerful. Thus, the term thermodynamics means a branch of physics which deals with the relationships between heat and other forms of energy such as mechanical, electrical, or chemical energy. The four laws of thermodynamics define fundamental physical qualities (temperature, energy and entropy).

    • Zeroth law of thermodynamics – According to this law, if two systems are in thermal equilibrium with a third system then they are in thermal equilibrium with each other.
    • First law of thermodynamics – It states that when energy or heat passes into or out from a system, the system’s internal energy changes in accord with the law of conservation of energy.
    • Second law of thermodynamics– In a natural thermodynamic process, the sum of entropies of the interacting thermodynamic systems increases.
    • Third law of thermodynamics– The entropy of a system approaches a constant value as the temperature approaches absolute zero.

    Does evolution really violate the law of thermodynamics?

    From decades there has been a common argument that the theory contradicts the second law of thermodynamics that claims disorder or entropy always increases or stays the same over time. Some critics claim evolution violates the second law of thermodynamics as evolution results in an increase in the order and complexity of species which is a decrease in entropy.

    To claim that evolution violates the second law of thermodynamics is also grounded in a misunderstanding of where the law applies. Nobody has figured out how the second law of thermodynamics applies to living. The idea of evolution is simply that random genetic mutations will occasionally occur that lead an individual organism to have some traits that are different from that of its predecessors. Thus, as generations go by, the other form of entropy will be generated that will increase the entropy of the universe as a whole.

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