Forums Sociology Discuss industrialization and urbanization

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    Ayush Nair
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    Discuss industrialization and urbanization as factors that contributed to the development of sociological thinking.

    #16132
    Ayush Nair
    Member

    Answer:

    Sociology as a discipline emerged during the industrial revolution that emerged in Europe in the 18th century. The enlightenment thoughts that spurted in the 18th century provided an intellectual backdrop for the emergence of ideas and worldview that broke away from age-old ideas and beliefs as a result of which the age of reason and rationality emerged. August Comte’s foundational efforts in developing a science of society point to the social moment of early sociological theory. This period was marked by events such as French revolution that sparked the political churnings, such reordering of the society in terms of rational principles attracted much of the sociological attention. Followed by this the industrial revolution in England became an epicenter for sociological study, it was followed by urbanization, migration of people to cities, coming of communication and transportations and more advanced form of division of labor. The issues of modernization, equality and justice grabbed much of the sociological attention. All of the sociological attention was focused on studying the changing dynamics of individual-society relation. In particular, sociology was engaged in studying the rise of individualism, the rise of modern states and development of modern industry and also it led to study of societies that were colonized.

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