Psychiatry is the one of the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the mental, emotional and behavioral disorders. A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in mental health, including substance use disorders. Psychiatrists can easily assess both the mental and physical aspects of the dangerous psychological problems.
In today’s modern world there has been a hike in the psychiatric problems. There is a various number of problems for which someone might need a psychiatric in their life. These problems can be a sudden panic attack, frightening hallucinations, hearing “voices” or thoughts of suicide. Some long-term feelings can also cause problems and they can be of sadness, hopelessness, or anxiousness that has grasped the soul with perpetual purpose, some other problems which may cause everyday life to feel distorted or out of control. That makes living futile.
To understand the depth of these diseases it is important to study the brain. There have been many attempts to define, understand, and categorize disorders so that they can be better understood. There have been many methods to determine the best treatments according to the medical specialty of psychiatry; they all are dependent on the complexity of the brain.
Biological factors contribute to symptoms of distress along with the environmental factors. Both the factors vary from person to person and also according o the medical condition. Psychotherapy and drugs are quite effective in treating the psychiatric disorders. The combination of the two works the best. But according to the studies, it has been noticed that the effects kick in on different timetables.
Psychiatrists are physicians and hence, they can order a full range of medical laboratory and psychological tests to determine the true nature of the disease. Alongside tests, discussions with the patients help provide a small insight of a patient's physical and mental state.
Their education and clinical training help them to understand the relationship between the emotional and the medical illnesses. They also determine the relationships between the genes and family history, to evaluate medical and psychological data. This way they are able to make a better diagnosis to work with patients to develop the treatment plans.
Psychiatrists use a variety of treatments depending on the patients need and the modality of the disease.
Psychotherapy is also known as the talk therapy. This treatment modality includes a talking session with the patient. Talking about our problems can be very beneficial, and if that talking is with someone who does that professionally, then nothing can be better than that.
Psychotherapy has shown positive results as the patient is able to function better in their lives. Almost 75 percent of patients, who enter psychotherapy, have been benefited. Psychotherapy improves the emotions and the behavior as it becomes more positive. There are other benefits like fewer sick days, fewer medical problems, and increased work satisfaction and euphoric attitude.
Brain imaging techniques help to see the changes in the brain after a person has undergone psychotherapy and can be used for evaluation. There are many changes seen in the brain of a person with mental illness like depression, panic disorder, PTSD and other condition after they have received psychotherapy.
Therapists may combine elements to treat the patients with different mental illness from the different approaches to meet the needs of the person undergoing treatment.
Medications are used by psychiatrists to elevate the mood of the patient. They are used in much the same way that medications are used to treat high blood pressure, allergies, and diabetes. Once the thorough evaluation is complete the psychiatrists can prescribe medications to help treat mental disorders. Medications can easily correct the imbalances in the brain chemistry that is the leading causative factor to be involved in many mental disorders. There are many different types of drug that works best for a particular type of disorder.
Long-term medication treatment is needed for some patients and they will need to meet with their psychiatrist periodically. They need to be monitored about the effectiveness of the medication. They also need to be checked for any potential side effects with the prescribed medicine.
These are the various medicines that can be used by the doctors to prescribe according to the mental illness disorder the patient is suffering from.
Psychotherapy is used in combination with the medication therapy. This therapy can be used to treat the mental health conditions. In certain cases, the medication can be clearly useful whereas in others cases psychotherapy is the best option.
But for some cases, combined medication and psychotherapy is the best treatment. Most of the doctors prescribe medications and psychotherapy together, as they have proved to give much better results. Previous cases have shown that the combination treats the disorders in an effective manner and are long-lasting. In this technique, both the inner chemical and the outer behavior can be changed and thus works the best.
There are few other treatments also like Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). It is a medical treatment that uses electrical currents to be applied to the brain. This treatment is mainly used to treat severe depression that does not respond to other treatments. Light therapy is used to treat the seasonal kind of depression.
Few newer therapies which are being used nowadays are-