Patent law is the area of law that relates to intellectual property rights. These are also often known as patent rights, and they are used to protect the rights of a group or individual over their own original inventions. Patent laws cover the regulation and enforcement of these intellectual property rights. Patent law in the US is also responsible for the creation of the US Patent and Trademark Office, which is the body that administers patent law. The WIPO regulations, The Paris Convention and The Rome Convention have established uniform standards and norms to be adopted by the signing nations, with an aim to establish uniformity of laws and certain minimum standards to be followed in this era of global trade and commercial transactions to protect and promote the independent advancements and scientific creations.
A patent is the right to a specific invention that is granted by a particular government. Patent rights can be held by an individual or by a group, such as a company. They may be held by the original inventor of the patented process or product, but they can also be transferred to another person or group. The patent laws prevent anyone other than the holder of the patent from making use of the protected idea, without obtaining permission from the patent holder. If someone does try to use the patented idea illegally, then the patent laws specify the legal action that the patent holder can take against them.
Patent laws specify the types of inventions that can be patented and the process through which a patent can be obtained. Patent laws vary between different countries. In the United States, an invention must meet three criteria if it is going to be eligible for a patent. It must be a new idea, it must have some sort of use or purpose, and it must be non-obvious, so it is not possible to patent an idea that anyone could have.
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