Woodworking hand tools can be classified in the following categories:
There are various types of saws in use, each of which is designed for a specific purpose. They can be divided into three main groups:
Planes can be divided into two types:
Chisels can be divided according to their use:
There are two types of drill used to bore holes:
Fixing tools cover a wide range, but most either have a driving or turning action. The main types available are:
Marking-out tools consist of six main types:
A large number of items are required in order to produce a finished piece of work. The main range of equipment is:
The carpenter on site uses a range of equipment, some of which he makes himself. The main items of equipment are:
There are a number of miscellaneous tools and items which a carpenter and joiner may have cause to use.
A rasp is a rough woodworker’s file used for roughing out shaped work.
Various metal-worker’s files are used for the maintenance of tools and adjusting metal fittings, etc.
A scraper is a rectangular piece of thin tool steel, 100 x 50mm approximately. It is used for smoothing rough grain, particularly hardwoods and also for cleaning up.
A replaceable blade knife to which various blades can be fitted enabling it to be used for cutting plasterboard, plastic laminate, building paper, roofing felt and insulation board, etc. It can also be fitted with a padsaw blade for cutting timber, or a hacksaw blade for cutting metal.