It refers to the process of polymerization of amino acids to form a polypeptide. The amino acids are joined by a peptide bond. The order and sequence of amino acids are defined by the sequences of bases in the mRNA. Ribosome is the protein synthesizing machinery, it consist of structural RNAs and many kind of proteins. It has a large and a small subunit. When the small subunit encounters an m RNA, the protein synthesis begins. The subsequent amino acid binds to and thus closes enough for the formation of protein.
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