Math Assignment Help With System Of Linear Equation

3.7.3 System of linear equation:

3.7.3.1 Linear equation in matrix notation: take the following system of linear equation;

a11x+a12x+....+a1nxn

= b1

a21x+a22x+....+a2nxn = b2

........ .... .... ... ... ... ....

... ... ... ... .... .... .... ....

an1x+an2x+....+annxn = bn

system of linear equation

and,

linear equation

The above system can also be written in the form;

AX = B

It can be rearranged as;

-1B

Let X = X1 and X = X2 be two solutions of AX = B

So,

AX1 = B and AX2 = B

Therefore,

AX1 = AX2

Since A being invertible, by cancellation law, we have;

X1 = X2

Hence the given system of equation has unique solution.

Criterion for a given system of equation to have unique solution:

i) If |A| ≠ 0, then the system is consistent and has a unique solution and is given by

X = A-1B

  1. ii) If |A| = 0 and (adjA) B ≠ 0, then the system is inconsistent.
  2. iii) If |A| = 0 and (adjA) B = 0 then the system is consistent and has infinitely many solution.

Example: Using matrix method, solve the system of linear equation;

5x + 3y + 2 = 0

2x + 3y + 3= 0

Solution: the given set equations are

5x + 7y + 2 = 0

2x + 3y + 3= 0

matrices

determinants

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