All genetic materials is made up of nucleotides. In DNA and RNA, nucleotides are presents in a sequence which determines amino acids types in proteins. DNA can be transcribed into RNA by expressing their protein. In whole activity, transcribing DNA is sequence of DNA bases into "RNA" and RNA will transform into the protein. DNA and RNA have special type of codings and different bases such as some are adenine, thymine, Guanine, Uracil etc.
Here some sequences are : Most of the genetic codes designed a table for amino acids in mRNA sequences, sequence and coding AAA TAG TCA UUU CCC GGA these are the examples of codings and sequences. As shown in examples each codons having three bases termed Triplet and they are 64 number of codons, and coding is written as special sequences 5' to 3' direction. And 61 codons codes amino acids and three others codons UAA, UGA, UAG are stop codons, which terminates translation. Here AUG is initiation codons for methionine and protein synthesis starts with methionine in eukaryotes and formylmethionine in prokaryote. These all codes are unambiguous and every codons are specific not more than one amino acids.
When any code is degenerate, than one amino acid can notify by more than one codon except methionine (Met) and tryptophan(Trp). That amino acid which having more than one codon, first two bases are mostly same but the third one is different. In all organism the code is same, few are exception such as in mitochondria and some organism. Adjacent codons are never overlap any massage of second codon.
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