The two hydrogen atoms of acetylene are acidic in nature and can be replaced by a strong base like sodium or sodamide.
Sodium acetylide when treated with primary alkyl halide gives 1-alkynes following nucleophilic substitution reaction by SN2 mechanism. Secondary alkyl halide gives poor yield of 1-alkyne because substitution reaction is accompanied by elimination reaction with acetylide ion functioning as a strong base. Tertiary alkyl halides do not undergo any substitution reaction because of steric hindrance.
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