Biotechnology have wide range of applications such as : Major in Health, and then Agriculture, Bio-informatics, Industrial processing, Food and beverages, Natural resources, Environment, and others. Now in these days this is the most exciting and revolutionary techniques. Basically it si a applied biology science which deals in the living organisms and bio-process engineerings, technology, medicine, and other fields which required bioproducts.
In agricultural it can raises the food productions by these processes : Agro-chemical based agriculture, Organic agriculture, Genetically engineered crop based agriculture. Green Revolution: in which crop production is maximized and raised by using improved variety of crops and managements of pesticides and crop, develop net technology to improve crop variety, using agrochemicals. Tripletd food supply but not enough for growing populations. Agrochemicals are very expensive and farmers can not affords. Yields are increased with existing variety but not possible with conventional breeding. Here an alternative genetically modified crops for getting maximum yields, some useful aspects of genetically modified plants a) improved nutritional quality such as Vitamin A enriched rice. b)Stronger nitrogen fixation capacity, resistant to abiotic stress (cold, drought, salt, heat). c) Its increases efficiency of minerals used by plants. d) its gives micropropagation technique for biomass energy production.
In medicine :a) its giv very effective diagnose and treatment of disease with recombinant therapeutic drugs, but recombinant therapeutics never induce undesired immunological responses. 30 recombinant therapeutics introduced for human and approved, and 12 are for India. b) By gene therapy new and healthy genes can replaced old damaged cells. c) by genetically engineered insulin use in making medicine for diabetes, bacteria which was genetically engineered produced human insulin on large scale and these are easily grown in culture medium. d) gene therapy, we can say that it is a corrective therapy which correct hereditary disease in embryo or child, by inserting genes into the tissue or cells. etc.
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