The DSM, or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders, is an official guideline for the diagnosis of psychological disorder used by clinicians, researchers and psychologists as a reference guide to diagnose psychological disorders. 2 levels of criteria listed in the DSM must be met to confirm the diagnosis. First, the disordered behaviour must originate within the person, and not as a reaction to external factors. Second, the disorder must be involuntary.
The DSM places the individual on 5 separate axes to describe possible mental health factors. Axis I is for disorders that are state dependent. Axis II describes disorders that are trait dependent. Axis III describes current physical conditions, Axis IV describes psychosocial or environmental stressors, and lastly, Axis V is used to discuss the individual’s global assessment of functioning.
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