Colonisation and the phenomena of colonialism can be considered to be some of the major and important events in the human world and the global history of human civilization. The history of colonisation stretches around the world as well as across several time periods, including people from Britain, India, Spain, Portugal, Africa and so on. With the 'Age of Discovery' modern stage of global colinialism began during the 15th century. This had been initiated by the Portugese and Spanish exploration of America, coasts of America, Middle East, India, East Asia. During the 16th and 17th century England, France, the Dutch Republic managed to establish their own empire. After years of torture, imperialism, the end of the 18th and early 19th century visualised the early era of decolonization. During this time, most of the European colonies managed to gain their independence. Spain became weaker after the loss of their colonies. Cleverly, the Kingdom of Great Britain, France, Portugal, the Dutch turned their attention towards South Africa, India, Pakistan and South East Asia. During the second Industrial Revolution in the 19th century the era of New Imperialism began and the pace of colonization grew fast. www.assignmenthelp.net is willing to offer its online help regarding history assignment, especially Colonial Lives Assignment.
Let’s start with discussing the role of women in colonial times. The experiences of women during the colonial era varied greatly from colony to colony. In New England, the Puritan settlers brought their strong religious values with them to the New World, which dictated that a woman be subordinate to her husband and dedicate herself to rearing God-fearing children to the best of her ability. Hispanic women were at the center of family life in New Mexico and California. There were ethnic differences in the treatment of women. In New England, the Puritans created self-governing communities of religious congregations of farmers, or yeomen, and their families. High-level politicians gave out plots of land to male settlers, or proprietors, who then divided the land amongst themselves. Large portions were usually given to men of higher social standing, but every white man—who wasn't indentured or criminally bonded—had enough land to support a family. Every male citizen had a voice in the town meeting. The town meeting levied taxes, built roads, and elected officials who managed town affairs.
A majority of New England residents were small farmers. Within these small farm families, and English families as well, a man had complete power over the property and his wife. When married, an English woman lost her maiden name and personal identity, meaning she could not own property, file lawsuits, or participate in political life, even when widowed. The role of wives was to raise and nurture healthy children and support their husbands. Most women carried out these duties. During the 18th century, couples usually married between the ages of 20-24 and 6-8 children were typical of a family, with three on average surviving to adulthood. Farm women provided most of the materials needed by the rest of the family by spinning yarn from wool and knitting sweaters and stockings, making candles and soap from ashes, and churning milk into butter. Education was primarily the responsibility of families, but numerous religious groups, especially the Puritans in New England, established tax-supported elementary schools so their children could read the Bible. Nearly all the religious denominations set up their own schools and colleges to train ministers. Each city, and most towns, had private academies for the children of affluent families. The practical sciences were of great interest to colonial Americans, who were engaged in the process of taming and settling a wild frontier country. While science could eventually be applied to political problems, the mainstream of intellectual activity in the colonies was on technological and engineering developments rather than more abstract topics such as politics or metaphysics.