Acid and rain makes the word acid rain. When the composition of different harmful gases increases in the atmosphere, they mix with the water droplets of the clouds thus coming down along with the rain or in the form of rain called acid rain.
In elaborative way, when the gases like co2, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxide etc increase in the atmosphere due to human activities, they mix with water droplets in the clouds, anytime when the rains pours on the surface of the earth it becomes acidic due to nitric acid and sulfuric acid called acid rain. Anything that get acidic can harm the living beings. Acid usually burn the skin and this is the reason when rain water becomes acidic it results in many types of diseases. Generally, rain water is slightly acidic, but increasing the concentration of harmful gases can increase the extent of acidity thus increasing risk of lives on the earth.
All this leads to increase in harmful gases that mix with rain water thus coming down in the form of acid rain.
The effect of acid rain is not just limited to a particular place or area. In fact it can even go up to larger area from countries to countries, nation and continents. Like the acid is harmful, similarly is the acid rain. The effects of acid rain are:
This way acid rain can cause lots of damage to lives and property in the earth.
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Acid rain has hampered many ponds, streams and lakes in different parts of the country. Recently, a lake that is reported as most acidic is Little Echo pond in Franklin, New York whose PH values is lowered due to acid rain. Likewise, most of streams in mid- Atlantic coastal plain have become acidic. Many more areas and monuments are reported to be affected by acid rain. Among several, one is Leshan Giant Buddha that is in china. Due to acid rain, the monument has turned black destroying its beauty. Taj mahal; one of the wonder of the world have been affected due to acid rain. Acid rain has resulted due to the gases generated from the nearby areas. These have washed away all the important minerals of the stones of this monument and hence its marble has faded. These are only some of the example destruction caused by acid rain; many more of such example can be noticed and read which the negative results of acid rain.
Presently, government of different countries are trying its best to reduce the pollution and invent some of the important measure that can be alternatively used as the source of electricity and cooking. Beside this, awareness programs and several campaign for cleanliness, quality and healthy life, afforestation, etc have been launched from time to time so as to make every individual work for the country and the nation.